Table 3

Predictors of achievement of different dietary recommendations (goals) in multivariate, mutually adjusted logistic regression models

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
Trans fat <1 g/day
Male sex1.09 (0.75 to 1.57)1.09 (0.75 to 1.58)1.11 (0.76 to 1.62)1.12 (0.76 to 1.65)1.12 (0 .76 to 1.65)
Age (per year)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium0.62 (0.39 to 0.98)0.62 (0.39 to 0.98)0.61 (0.38 to 0.97)0.61 (0.38 to 0.97)
High0.66 (0.42 to 1.04)0.63 (0.40 to 0.99)0.65 (0.41 to 1.03)0.65 (0.41 to 1.03)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.98 (0.55 to 1.76)0.97 (0.54 to 1.75)0.97 (0 .54 to 1.76)
Cali2.17 (1.28 to 3.69)2.12 (1.25 to 3.62)2.12 (1.24 to 3.62)
Barranquilla1.26 (0.71 to 2.23)1.16 (0.65 to 2.08)1.16 (0.65 to 2.08)
Bucaramanga2.50 (1.37 to 4.56)2.47 (1.35 to 4.52)2.47 (1.35 to 4.52)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight1.09 (0.69 to 1.72)1.09 (0.69 to 1.72)
Obesity1.20 (0.72 to 1.99)1.20 (0.72 to 1.99)
Diabetes0.96 (0.53 to 1.73)
Sodium <2300 mg/day
Male sex0.45 (0.25 to 0.79)0.44 (0.25 to 0.78)0.45 (0.25 to 0.80)0.46 (0.26 to 0.83)0.45 (0.25 to 0.82)
Age (per year)1.02 (1.01 to 1.04)1.02 (1.01 to 1.04)1.03 (1.01 to 1.04)1.03 (1.01 to 1.05)1.03 (1.01 to 1.04)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium0.78 (0.39 to 1.57)0.73 (0.36 to 1.47)0.74 (0.36 to 1.50)0.73 (0.36 to 1.49)
High1.62 (0.88 to 2.95)1.58 (0.86 to 2.91)1.56 (0.83 to 2.94)1.54 (0.81 to 2.90)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.85 (0.40 to 1.79)0.80 (0.37 to 1.74)0.77 (0.36 to 1.69)
Cali1.08 (0.52 to 2.25)1.09 (0.52 to 2.28)1.07 (0.51 to 2.25)
Barranquilla0.37 (0.13 to 1.00)0.36 (0.13 to 1.00)0.36 (0.13 to 1.00)
Bucaramanga1.48 (0.67 to 3.26)1.35 (0.60 to 3.05)1.35 (0.60 to 3.06)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight1.21 (0.64 to 2.30)1.24 (0.65 to 2.37)
Obesity1.07 (0.51 to 2.22)1.08 (0.52 to 2.26)
Diabetes1.50 (0.73 to 3.08)
Protein ≥15% of TCI
Male sex1.03 (0.77 to 1.39)1.02 (0.76 to 1.38)1.04 (0.77 to 1.41)1.15 (0.84 to 1.57)1.13 (0.82 to 1.54)
Age (per year)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium1.24 (0.85 to 1.79)1.22 (0.84 to 1.77)1.25 (0.86 to 1.83)1.25 (0.85 to 1.83)
High1.93 (1.35 to 2.77)1.94 (1.35 to 2.79)2.08 (1.43 to 3.02)2.01 (1.38 to 2.94)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.88 (0.57 to 1.36)0.90 (0.58 to 1.39)0.83 (0.53 to 1.30)
Cali1.22 (0.78 to 1.89)1.12 (0.72 to 1.75)1.11 (0.71 to 1.74)
Barranquilla0.76 (0.48 to 1.19)0.68 (0.43 to 1.07)0.68 (0.43 to 1.09)
Bucaramanga1.15 (0.70 to 1.91)1.06 (0.63 to 1.77)1.07 (0.64 to 1.80)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight1.07 (0.74 to 1.54)1.09 (0.75 to 1.58)
Obesity2.02 (1.33 to 3.06)2.02 (1.33 to 3.07)
Diabetes2.03 (1.26 to 3.26)
SFA <7% of TCI
Male sex1.25 (0.73 to 2.14)1.27 (0.74 to 2.19)1.27 (0.74 to 2.2)1.24 (0.71 to 2.19)1.26 (0.71 to 2.22)
Age (per year)1.01 (1.00 to 1.03)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)1.01 (1.00 to 1.03)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium0.60 (0.33 to 1.10)0.59 (0.32 to 1.10)0.59 (0.32 to 1.10)0.59 (0.32 to 1.11)
High0.16 (0.06 to 0.42)0.15 (0.06 to 0.41)0.16 (0.06 to 0.41)0.16 (0.06 to 0.42)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.64 (0.27 to 1.52)0.63 (0.25 to 1.55)0.64 (0.26 to 1.58)
Cali1.05 (0.48 to 2.29)1.11 (0.51 to 2.45)1.13 (0.51 to 2.49)
Barranquilla1.19 (0.55 to 2.58)1.24 (0.57 to 2.71)1.22 (0.56 to 2.67)
Bucaramanga1.32 (0.52 to 3.30)1.25 (0.50 to 3.16)1.22 (0.48 to 3.10)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight2.02 (1.03 to 3.94)2.01 (1.03 to 3.91)
Obesity0.89 (0.38 to 2.07)0.91 (0.39 to 2.14)
Diabetes0.55 (0.19 to 1.64)
MUFA ≥12% of TCI
Male sex0.64 (0.45 to 0.92)0.63 (0.44 to 0.90)0.62 (0.44 to 0.90)0.61 (0.42 to 0.88)0.60 (0.41 to 0.87)
Age (per year)0.99 (0.98 to 1.00)0.99 (0.98 to 1.00)0.99 (0.98 to 1.00)0.99 (0.98 to 1.00)0.99 (0.98 to 1.00)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium1.35 (0.89 to 2.05)1.35 (0.88 to 2.06)1.31 (0.85 to 2.00)1.30 (0.85 to 2.00)
High2.34 (1.47 to 3.72)2.46 (1.54 to 3.95)2.38 (1.48 to 3.83)2.32 (1.44 to 3.74)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.67 (0.40 to 1.11)0.68 (0.41 to 1.14)0.66 (0.39 to 1.10)
Cali0.71 (0.42 to 1.20)0.71 (0.42 to 1.22)0.71 (0.41 to 1.20)
Barranquilla1.03 (0.59 to 1.82)1.05 (0.59 to 1.86)1.06 (0.60 to 1.88)
Bucaramanga0.45 (0.25 to 0.81)0.46 (0.26 to 0.83)0.47 (0.26 to 0.84)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight0.84 (0.55 to 1.29)0.86 (0.56 to 1.32)
Obesity0.85 (0.52 to 1.40)0.84 (0.51 to 1.38)
Diabetes1.70 (0.91 to 3.19)
Fibre ≥14 g/1000 cal
Male sex0.61 (0.37 to 0.99)0.61 (0.37 to 0.99)0.62 (0.38 to 1.01)0.58 (0.35 to 0.97)0.58 (0.35 to 0.96)
Age (per year)1.03 (1.02 to 1.05)1.03 (1.02 to 1.05)1.04 (1.02 to 1.05)1.04 (1.02 to 1.05)1.04 (1.02 to 1.05)
SEL (relative to low)
Medium1.04 (0.57 to 1.89)0.94 (0.51 to 1.73)0.91 (0.49 to 1.69)0.91 (0.49 to 1.68)
High1.52 (0.86 to 2.68)1.53 (0.86 to 2.72)1.47 (0.82 to 2.64)1.46 (0.81 to 2.61)
City (relative to Bogotá)
Medellín0.21 (0.08 to 0.51)0.21 (0.08 to 0.52)0.21 (0.08 to 0.51)
Cali0.7 (0.36 to 1.34)0.72 (0.37 to 1.4)0.71 (0.37 to 1.39)
Barranquilla0.53 (0.26 to 1.07)0.54 (0.27 to 1.11)0.55 (0.27 to 1.11)
Bucaramanga0.68 (0.31 to 1.5)0.69 (0.31 to 1.53)0.69 (0.31 to 1.53)
BMI (relative to normal)
Overweight1.09 (0.62 to 1.92)1.09 (0.62 to 1.92)
Obesity0.76 (0.39 to 1.49)0.76 (0.38 to 1.48)
Diabetes1.31 (0.67 to 2.56)
  • Model 1 had as predictors only sex and age, model 2 had all variables in model 1 plus SEL, model 3 had all variables in model 2 plus BMI, model 4 had all variables in model 3 plus city and model 5 had all variables in model 4 plus diabetes status. Data are OR (95% CI).

  • BMI, body mass index; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; SEL, socioeconomic level; SFA, saturated fatty acids; TCI, total caloric intake.