Table 2

Daily intake of macronutrients, cholesterol, sodium and fibre, by diabetes diagnosis

   Diabetes diagnosisDifferenceUnivariate p value
  No  Yes
Calories (cal/kg/day)58.5±31.244.1±22.4−14.4<0.001
Carbohydrates (g/kg/day)7.08±3.95.18±3.1−1.900.002
Protein (g/kg/day)2.03±1.21.72±0.8−0.310.076
Lipids (g/kg/day)2.35±1.41.79±1−0.56<0.001
SFA (g/kg/day)0.73±0.50.58±0.4−0.140.017
MUFA (g/kg/day)0.96±0.60.79±0.4−0.170.01
PUFA (g/kg/day)0.56±0.40.39±0.3−0.17<0.001
Trans fatty acids (mg/day)2.4±1.82.0±1.2−0.410.005
Cholesterol (mg/day)702.5±494.3647.8±442.1−54.70.75
Sodium (mg/day)5330±27673840±1913.2−1490<0.001
Fibre (g/day)37.9±16.933.2±14.1−4.720.077
  • Data are means using sampling weights±SD.

  • MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acids; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids; SFA, saturated fatty acids.