Table 1

Main measures in the study

QuestionsValues
Vaccine acceptanceIf the health authorities advise people like me to get an approved vaccine against the coronavirus, I will follow their advice.
  1. Completely disagree.

  2. Somewhat disagree.

  3. Neither agree nor disagree.

  4. Somewhat agree.

  5. Completely agree.

ConfidenceTrust in health authorities and scientists
How much trust do you have in the following institutions regarding the coronavirus crisis?
  1. The national health authorities.

  2. Scientists.

  1. Not at all.

  2. To a lesser degree.

  3. To a certain degree.

  4. To a high degree.

Trust in the government
Give your assessment on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 indicates that you have no confidence in the government at all, and 10 indicates that you have full confidence in the government.
0. No confidence at all.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10. Full confidence.
Attitudes
To what extent do you agree with the following statements?
  1. I am concerned about my democratic rights in the current circumstances.

  2. I support the public protests against the government’s policies during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  3. I believe the government is hiding important information from the public about the coronavirus and its cures.

  4. I have heard or read information about the coronavirus and its cures, which I believe was probably false.

  1. Completely disagree.

  2. Somewhat disagree.

  3. Neither agree nor disagree.

  4. Somewhat agree.

  5. Completely agree.

Vote choice
What party/who did you vote for in the last general election/presidential election? (date of last election)
(country-specific party/candidate categories)
Ideology
In political matters, people talk of ‘the left’ and ‘the right’. How would you place your views on this scale, generally speaking?
1. The left.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10. The right.
ConstraintsFatigue
To what extent do you agree with the following statements?
I do not think I can keep up with the restrictions against the coronavirus for much longer.
  1. Completely disagree.

  2. Somewhat disagree.

  3. Neither agree nor disagree.

  4. Somewhat agree.

  5. Completely agree.

Behaviour change
To what degree do you feel that the current situation with the coronavirus has made you change your behaviour to avoid spreading infection?
  1. Not at all.

  2. To a lesser degree.

  3. To a certain degree.

  4. To a high degree.

Knowledge
To what degree do you feel that you know enough about what you as a citizen should do in relation to the coronavirus?
  1. Not at all.

  2. To a lesser degree.

  3. To a certain degree.

  4. To a high degree.

Complacency*Sex
Are you
  1. Male.

  2. Female.

Age
What is your age?
(open text box)
Education
What is your highest level of completed education?
(country-specific education categories)
Personal risk perceptions
To what degree are you concerned about the consequences of the coronavirus for you and your family?
  1. Not at all.

  2. To a lesser degree.

  3. To a certain degree.

  4. To a high degree.

Collective responsibilityProsocial concerns
To what degree are you concerned about the consequences of the coronavirus
  1. For hospitals’ ability to help the sick?

  2. For society’s ability to help the disadvantaged?

  3. On social unrest and crime?

  4. On the country’s economy?

  1. Not at all.

  2. To a lesser degree.

  3. To a certain degree.

  4. To a high degree.

Support for restrictions
As you may know, many countries have implemented various measures to stop the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic. We are interested in whether you support or oppose the following measures in your country:
  1. Closing of schools and universities.

  2. Closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg, grocery shops, doctors).

  3. Cancelling public events.

  4. Cancelling private gatherings with over 100 people.

  5. Closing public transportation.

  6. Ordering people to shelter in place (not leaving house with minimal exceptions).

  7. Restricting internal movement between cities/regions.

  8. Ordering people to wear face masks in public places.

  9. Banning arrivals for foreign travellers from some regions.

  1. Oppose.

  2. Support.

Interpersonal trust
Do you think that most people by and large are to be trusted, or that you cannot be too careful when it comes to other people?
0. You cannot be too careful.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10. Most people are to be trusted.
  • Mean and SD of all measures are available in online supplemental appendix table A2.

  • *See text for discussion of the relationship between demographic variables and complacency (p. 2–3).