Table 4

Multivariate logistic regression analysis

VariableAdjusted OR*95% CIP valueVariableAdjusted OR*95% CIP value
PHQ-9: DepressionIES-R: Distress
GenderGender
 Male1 (Reference)N/A Male1 (Reference)N/A
 Female1.951.12 to 3.420.019 Female2.181.32 to 3.600.002
HealthcareHealthcare
 Nurse1 (Reference)N/A Nurse1 (Reference)N/A
 Doctor2.241.27 to 3.940.005 Doctor1.090.67 to 1.760.738
COVID-19 careCOVID-19 care
 Second line1 (Reference)N/A Second line1 (Reference)N/A
 Front line3.551.77 to 7.11<0.001 Front line1.891.10 to 3.170.021
GAD-7: AnxietySPFI: Burnout
GenderGender
 Male1 (Reference)N/A Male1 (Reference)N/A
 Female1.951.04 to 3.650.036 Female1.731.11 to 2.710.017
HealthcareHealthcare
 Nurse1 (Reference)N/A Nurse1 (Reference)N/A
 Doctor2.291.21 to 4.320.011 Doctor0.860.55 to 1.340.858
COVID-19 careCOVID-19 care
 Second line1 (Reference)N/A Second line1 (Reference)N/A
 Front line2.511.20 to 5.250.014 Front line2.741.69 to 4.42<0.001
ISI: InsomniaSPFI: Professional fulfilment
GenderGender
 Male1 (Reference)N/A Male1 (Reference)N/A
 Female1.770.85 to 3.700.127 Female0.720.42 to 1.240.234
HealthcareHealthcare
 Nurse1 (Reference)N/A Nurse1 (Reference)N/A
 Doctor3.081.38 to 6.890.006 Doctor0.900.52 to 1.570.900
COVID-19 careCOVID-19 care
 Second line1 (Reference)N/A Second line1 (Reference)N/A
 Front line4.451.51 to 13.10.007 Front line0.780.45 to 1.370.788
  • *Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, working title and COVID-19 care where appropriate.

  • GAD-7, 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder; IES-R, Impact of Event Scale-Revised; ISI, Insomnia Severity Index; N/A, not applicable; PHQ-9, 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire; SPFI, Stanford Professional Fulfillment Index.