Table 3

Association between participants’ sociodemographic characteristics, tobacco use, and their attitudes towards policy compliance and enforcement

Sociodemographic characteristicsPolicy compliance*
N (%)
P value†Policy enforcement†‡
N (%)
P value†
Totally/ mostlySomewhatNot at allDon’t knowTotally mostlySomewhatNot at allDon’t know
Age0.2140.39
 18–19.96 (19.4)11 (35.5)1 (3.2)13 (41.9)4 (13.3)7 (23.3)2 (6.7)17 (56.7)
 20–24.930 (34.5)19 (21.8)10 (11.5)28 (32.2)22 (25.6)21 (24.4)13 (15.1)30 (34.9)
 25++14 (37.8)5 (13.5)5 (13.5)13 (35.1)10 (27.0)6 (16.2)4 (10.8)17 (45.9)
Gender*<0.001*0.003
 Male23 (35.4)17 (26.2)13 (20.0)12 (18.5)19 (29.2)17 (26.2)13 (20.0)16 (24.6)
 Female32 (30.5)20 (19.0)5 (4.8)48 (45.7)24 (23.3)18 (17.5)8 (7.8)53 (51.5)
Level of education0.2190.143
 Undergraduate50 (31.8)34 (21.7)15 (9.6)58 (36.9)38 (24.5)32 (20.6)18 (11.6)67 (43.2)
 Graduate (Masters and5 (38.5)3 (23.1)3 (23.1)2 (15.4)5 (38.5)3 (23.1)3 (23.1)2 (15.4)
 PhD)
Nationality25 (36.8)11 (16.2)4 (5.9)28 (41.2)0.12619 (28.4)11 (16.4)5 (7.5)32 (47.8)0.19
 Qatari30 (29.4)26 (25.5)14 (13.7)32 (31.4)24 (23.8)24 (23.8)16 (15.8)37 (36.6)
 Non-Qatari
Place of living47 (35.1)0.24333 (25.0)28 (21.2)16 (12.1)55 (41.7)0.083
 With family46 (34.3)28 (20.9)13 (9.7)1 (12.5)5 (62.5)2 (25.0)0 (0.0)1 (12.5)
 Not living with family3 (37.5)4 (50.0)0 (0.0)
Tobacco product use0.082*0.020
 Yes21 (45.7)11 (23.9)3 (6.5)11 (23.9)16 (34.8)14 (30.4)5 (10.9)11 (23.9)
 No34 (27.4)26 (21.0)15 (12.1)49 (39.5)27 (22.1)21 (17.2)16 (13.1)58 (47.5)
  • *Based on the question: To what extent do people comply with the current campus tobacco product use policy on QU campus?.

  • †Based on the question: In your opinion, to what extent is the current tobacco product use policy enforced on QU campus?.

  • ‡P value based on the Fisher’s exact test, p value less than 0.05 is significant.