Table 5

The relationship between wealth and negative emotions before, during, versus after the nationwide COVID-19 outbreak in China

Negative emotion index
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6Model 7
During0.146****0.120****0.117****0.062***0.065***0.046**0.049*
(0.007)(0.013)(0.012)(0.020)(0.020)(0.022)(0.022)
After0.040****0.057****0.047****0.057****0.050****0.061****0.061****
(0.004)(0.007)(0.007)(0.011)(0.011)(0.012)(0.012)
Income−0.009****−0.005**−0.009****−0.005*−0.006**
(0.002)(0.002)(0.001)(0.002)(0.002)
Income×during0.015*0.016**0.013*0.013*
(0.006)(0.006)(0.006)(0.006)
Income×after−0.012****−0.009***−0.009***−0.008***
(0.003)(0.003)(0.003)(0.003)
Real estate ownership−0.124****−0.139****−0.120****−0.136****−0.122****
(0.006)(0.009)(0.009)(0.009)(0.009)
Real estate ownership
×during
0.099****0.087****0.093****0.082****
(0.021)(0.021)(0.022)(0.022)
Real estate ownership
×after
−0.032**−0.025*−0.020−0.019
(0.012)(0.012)(0.012)(0.012)
Hubei0.0050.0030.004
(0.010)(0.010)(0.010)
Age−0.002****−0.002****−0.002****
(0.0002)(0.0002)(0.0002)
Sex0.029****0.029****0.028****
(0.004)(0.004)(0.004)
Married0.013*0.014*0.014*
(0.006)(0.006)(0.006)
N26 64426 00926 00926 64426 00926 00926 009
Constant0.315****0.331****0.473****0.434****0.475****0.441****0.470****
(0.003)(0.005)(0.009)(0.008)(0.010)(0.009)(0.010)
  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.005, ****p<0.001