Table 1

Distribution of each emotion before, during, versus after the nationwide COVID-19 outbreak in China

Before, %During, %After, %χ2P value
Enjoyment79.1360.3077.59485.3743<0.0001
Happiness77.3461.3376.83355.4037<0.0001
Laughter69.0950.8367.35365.5754<0.0001
Anger30.7331.9031.502.35760.3076
Sadness25.5443.4728.39372.4647<0.0001
Stress41.8159.7049.08335.4379<0.0001
Worry27.8649.1332.85488.5911<0.0001
N11 131300012 513
  • The percentage of people experiencing each emotion during each pandemic phase is shown. N represents the respective final sample size.