Table 1

Coverage of adequate antenatal care in South Asian countries according to the place of residence, socioeconomic status and level of empowerment (n=48 107)

Coverage of adequate antenatal care (95% CI)
Afghanistan
2015
Bangladesh
2014
India
2015–2016
Nepal
2016
Pakistan
2018
National level8.4 (7.1 to 9.9)16.1 (14.1 to 18.4)37.8 (36.8 to 38.9)39.8 (37.4 to 42.2)29.8 (27.2 to 32.5)
Place of residence
 Rural5.9 (4.6 to 7.4)11.3 (9.3 to 13.7)33.7 (32.6 to 34.8)30.6 (27.3 to 34.1)21.1 (17.9 to 24.6)
 Urban14.9 (12.3 to 17.9)27.3 (23.2 to 31.7)46.1 (44.2 to 48.1)47.0 (43.5 to 50.5)44.7 (40.8 to 48.6)
Socioeconomic status
 Poor3.8 (2.8 to 5.2)5.1 (3.7 to 7.0)25.9 (24.4 to 27.4)27.1 (24.3 to 30.0)10.9 (8.9 to 13.3)
 Middle7.4 (5.5 to 10.0)9.7 (7.1 to 13.1)39.5 (37.6 to 41.5)35.3 (31.4 to 39.4)23.8 (20.0 to 28.1)
 Rich12.2 (9.9 to 14.9)26.1 (23.1 to 29.4)47.9 (46.2 to 49.5)55.7 (52.3 to 59.1)47.5 (44.2 to 50.8)
Empowerment level
 Low7.1 (5.4 to 9.3)11.6 (9.1 to 14.6)34.7 (33.1 to 36.3)33.1 (29.6 to 36.8)14.1 (11.6 to 16.9)
 Medium5.9 (4.3 to 8.1)13.8 (11.4 to 16.6)34.9 (33.3 to 36.6)39.1 (35.4 to 43.0)30.3 (27.0 to 33.7)
 High12.2 (10.2 to 14.5)23.1 (19.7 to 26.9)44.9 (43.2 to 46.5)47.3 (43.9 to 50.7)43.1 (39.2 to 47.2)
Socioeconomic status×empowerment level
 Poor
  Low empowered3.6 (2.5 to 5.3)4.8 (3.11 to 7.4)23.9 (21.7 to 26.2)23.7 (19.8 to 28.0)7.7 (5.6 to 10.4)
  Medium empowered3.0 (1.6 to 5.6)4.0 (2.3 to 6.8)24.9 (22.8 to 27.1)27.6 (23.3 to 32.2)11.3 (8.2 to 15.4)
  Highly empowered5.4 (3.6 to 8.2)7.8 (4.6 to 13.0)31.7 (28.9 to 34.6)30.5 (26.2 to 35.1)17.7 (12.6 to 24.4)
 Middle class
  Low empowered7.5 (5.1 to 10.8)8.0 (4.3 to 14.5)39.8 (36.9 to 42.9)28.8 (23.3 to 35.1)16.0 (11.1 to 22.7)
  Medium empowered5.4 (3.5 to 8.4)9.0 (5.6 to 14.3)36.1 (33.1 to 39.3)36.7 (29.9 to 44.0)21.4 (16.8 to 26.9)
  Highly empowered9.5 (5.9 to 15.0)11.9 (7.5 to 18.5)42.7 (38.8 to 46.7)44.4 (37.8 to 51.1)34.7 (27.0 to 43.3)
 Rich
  Low empowered10.0 (6.6 to 14.9)22.5 (17.4 to 28.5)44.9 (41.9 to 47.9)49.7 (42.7 to 56.8)29.6 (23.0 to 37.1)
  Medium empowered8.8 (5.8 to 13.2)22.1 (17.8 to 27.1)45.4 (42.5 to 48.4)53.8 (47.7 to 59.7)44.4 (40.0 to 49.0)
  Highly empowered16.3 (13.2 to 20.0)31.5 (27.1 to 36.2)52.1 (49.8 to 54.5)61.3 (56.7 to 65.6)55.6 (51.6 to 59.6)
  • n, number of total respondents.