Table 3

Comparisons† of EQ-5D-3L scores for gender, existing health condition and hospitalisation

EQ-5D-3L domainGender
Mean score
P valueExisting health condition
Mean score
P valueHospitalised for COVID-19
Mean score
P value
Male (n=172)Female (n=563)Yes (n=227)No (n=508)Yes (n=148)No (n=587)
Overall8.338.74 0.036* 8.898.54 0.012* 9.178.51 0.001**
Mobility1.511.61 0.037* 1.671.55 0.006** 1.751.54 0.0001**
Self-care1.221.240.6021.281.210.0531.361.20 0.0001**
Usual activities1.972.080.0652.142.02 0.034* 2.192.02 0.009**
Pain/Discomfort1.821.97 0.002** 1.931.940.9891.991.920.141
Anxiety/Depression1.811.850.6111.881.820.2891.881.830.427
  • **p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01. (P- values were calculated using mean rank scoresbut mean scores are presented here for ease of understanding).

  • †Mann-Whitney U test.

  • EQ-5D-3L, EuroQol group five dimensions three level.