Table 2

HR (95% CI) for diabetes in relation to total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration (CHARLS 2011–2015)

Model 1Model 2Model 3
TC
 Normal (<200 mg/dL)111
 bBorderline high (200–240 mg/dL)1.33 (1.08–1.65)1.27 (1.03–1.58)1.19 (0.95–1.48)
 Hypercholesterolaemia (≥240 mg/dL)1.77 (1.34–2.33)1.64 (1.22–2.17)1.48 (1.11–1.96)
TG
 Normal (<150 mg/dL)111
 Borderline high (150–200 mg/dL)2.00 (1.55–2.61)1.91 (1.46–2.48)1.58 (1.21–2.07)
 Hypertriglyceridaemia (≥200 mg/dL)2.56 (2.03–3.23)2.46 (1.93–3.13)1.92 (1.49–2.46)
LDL-C
 Normal (<130 mg/dL)111
 Borderline high (130–160 mg/dL)1.14 (0.90–1.40)0.91 (0.69–1.20)0.86 (0.65–1.14)
 Elevated LDL-C (≥160 mg/dL)1.55 (1.17–2.05)0.99 (0.66–1.85)0.93 (0.62–1.41)
HDL-C
 Normal (≥40 mg/dL)111
 Low HDL-C (<40 mg/dL)1.94 (1.59–2.38)2.15 (1.75–2.63)1.67 (1.35–2.07)
  • Model 1: not adjusted.

  • Model 2: model 1 adjusted for age (continuous, years), gender (male and female), education (illiterate, primary or above) and marital status (married/cohabitation, single/divorced).

  • Model 3: model 2 adjusted for waist circumference (continuous, cm), body mass index (continuous, kg/m2), diastolic blood pressure (continuous, mm Hg), systolic blood pressure (continuous, mm Hg), C reactive protein (mg/L), plasma glucose (mg/dL), cigarette smoking (never smoke, used to smoke or still have) and alcohol drinking (never drink, used to drinking or still have).

  • BMI, body mass index; CHARLS, China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride.