Table 3

Utility scores at baseline, 3 months and 6 months and QALYs at 6 months

Time periodRobot-assisted training (n*=257)EULT (n*=259)Usual care (n*=254)
nMean
(SD)
nMean
(SD)
nMean
(SD)
Baseline EQ-5D-5L score2540.36 (0.26)2590.39 (0.25)2540.37 (0.26)
3-month EQ-5D-5L score2320.45 (0.27)2360.48 (0.24)2070.42 (0.29)
6-month EQ-5D-5L score2230.46 (0.29)2220.50 (0.27)1900.46 (0.27)
QALYs at 6 months after multiple imputation2540.21 (0.12)2590.23 (0.10)2540.21 (0.11)
Mean difference in QALYs between robot-assisted training and usual care with 95% CI; p value0.00 (−0.20 to 0.20); 0.995
Mean difference in QALYs between EULT and usual care with 95% CI; p value0.02 (0.00 to 0.35); 0.080
  • *n=number randomised.

  • EULT, enhanced upper limb therapy; QALY, quality adjusted life year.