Table 4

Risk-adjusted mortality

N=5287OR (95% CI)P value
KSMC1.0Reference
Alfred0.25 (0.15 to 0.43)<0.001
Glasgow Coma Score motor on arrival to the KSMC
 Obeys command1.0Reference
 No movement34.23 (18.97 to 61.76)<0.001
 Extension to pain24.04 (7.32 to 78.99)<0.001
 Flexion to pain10.95 (3.32 to 36.10)<0.001
 Withdraws to pain9.71 (2.86 to 32.90)<0.001
 Localises to pain4.92 (2.18 to 11.10)<0.001
ISS categories
 <121.0Reference
 12–253.98 (2.49 to 6.38)<0.001
 26–405.12 (2.63 to 9.96)<0.001
 >4015.79 (6.84 to 36.43)<0.001
Age at injury event (years)
 15–241.0Reference
 25–400.85 (0.43 to 1.68)0.635
 41–601.49 (0.74 to 3.00)0.260
 61–704.03 (1.70 to 9.53)0.002
 71–806.89 (3.19 to 14.90)<0.001
 81+16.58 (7.57 to 36.30)<0.001
Cause of injury
 Falls both high and low1.0Reference
 Cause with systemic effect10.71 (3.66 to 31.33)<0.001
 Motor vehicle occupants0.70 (0.41 to 1.19)0.193
 Motorcyclists0.13 (0.03 to 0.59)0.008
 Other specified external cause0.23 (0.03 to 1.77)0.159
 Pedal cyclist—rider or passenger0.26 (0.05 to 1.39)0.116
 Pedestrian1.36 (0.71 to 2.63)0.357
 Struck by object or person0.25 (0.05 to 1.25)0.092
  • ISS, Injury Severity Score; KSMC, King Saud Medical City.