Table 3

Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with hypertension alone

 Variables Hypertension alone COR (95% CI) P value AOR (95% CI) P value Absent Present Sex Male 165 (47.1) 23 (45.1) Female 185 (52.9) 28 (54.9) 1.09 (0.60 to 1.96) 0.785 1.18 (0.61 to 2.28) 0.616 Age (years) 10–14 153 (43.7) 34 (66.7) 15–19 197 (56.7) 17 (33.3) 0.39 (0.21 to 0.72) 0.003† 0.36 (0.18 to 0.74) 0.005† Marital status Single 332 (94.9) 47 (92.2) Married 18 (5.1) 4 (7.8) 1.57 (0.51 to 4.84) 0.432 3.71 (0.68 to 20.20) 0.129 Main occupation Studying 318 (90.9) 44 (86.3) Other occupations 32 (9.1) 7 (13.7) 1.58 (0.67 to 3.80) 0.306 0.75 (0.22 to 2.58) 0.647 Monthly income 0–40 000 277 (79.1) 41 (80.4) >40 000 73 (20.9) 10 (19.6) 0.93 (0.44 to 1.94) 0.837 0.70 (0.30 to 1.62) 0.405 Ever smoked any substance No 320 (91.4) 40 (78.4) Yes 30 (8.6) 11 (21.6) 2.93 (1.37 to 6.30) 0.006† 3.43 (1.34 to 8.78) 0.010* Ever consumed alcohol No 176 (50.3) 13 (25.5) Yes 174 (49.7) 38 (74.5) 2.96 (1.52 to 5.74) 0.001† 2.85 (1.33 to 6.10) 0.007† Hours of sleep ≤7 hours 216 (61.7) 38 (74.5) >7 hours 134 (38.3) 13 (25.5) 0.55 (0.28 to 1.07) 0.080 0.78 (0.38 to 1.63) 0.511 Duration of weekly exercise <30 min 92 (26.3) 14 (27.5) ≥30 min 258 (73.7) 37 (72.5) 0.94 (0.49 to 1.82) 0.860 0.080 (0.39 to 1.65) 0.549 Type of snacks consumed None 30 (8.6) 1 (2.0) 0.135 0.041* Non-fried/baked products 23 (6.6) 1 (2.0) 1.30 (0.08 to 21.98) 0.854 4.85 (0.24 to 96.38) 0.300 Fried/baked products 297 (84.8) 49 (96.0) 4.95 (0.66 to 37.13) 0.120 15.46 (1.62 to 147.37) 0.017* Skipping meals No 115 (41.4) 17 (33.3) Yes 205 (58.6) 34 (66.7) 1.42 (0.76 to 2.63) 0.273 2.69 (1.16 to 6.25) 0.022* Skipping breakfast No 200 (57.1) 32 (62.7) Yes 150 (42.9) 19 (37.3) 0.79 (0.43 to 1.45) 0.450 0.35 (0.15 to 0.81) 0.015* Weekly fruit consumption <4 times 234 (66.9) 35 (68.6) 4–7 times 116 (33.1) 16 (31.4) 0.92 (0.49 to 1.74) 0.802 0.53 (0.24 to 1.17) 0.117 Weekly vegetable consumption <4 times 246 (70.3) 28 (54.9) 4–7 times 104 (29.7) 23 (45.1) 1.94 (1.07 to 3.53) 0.029* 2.27 (1.11 to 4.66) 0.025* Weekly consumption of sugar-containing drinks <4 times 311 (88.9) 41 (80.4) 4–7 times 39 (11.1) 10 (19.6) 1.95 (0.90 to 4.19) 0.089 1.57 (0.62 to 3.93) 0.341 Body mass index-for-age Normal 289 (82.6) 41 (80.4) 0.698 0.890 Overweight 12 (3.4) 1 (2.0) 0.59 (0.07 to 4.64) 0.614 1.14 (0.13 to 0.988) 0.907 Thinness 49 (14.0) 9 (17.6) 1.30 (0.59 to 2.83) 0.518 0.81 (0.34 to 1.96) 0.645
• *P<0.05.

• †P<0.01.

• AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR.