Table 3

Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with hypertension alone

VariablesHypertension aloneCOR (95% CI)P valueAOR (95% CI)P value
AbsentPresent
Sex
 Male165 (47.1)23 (45.1)
 Female185 (52.9)28 (54.9)1.09 (0.60 to 1.96)0.7851.18 (0.61 to 2.28)0.616
Age (years)
 10–14153 (43.7)34 (66.7)
 15–19197 (56.7)17 (33.3)0.39 (0.21 to 0.72)0.003†0.36 (0.18 to 0.74)0.005†
Marital status
 Single332 (94.9)47 (92.2)
 Married18 (5.1)4 (7.8)1.57 (0.51 to 4.84)0.4323.71 (0.68 to 20.20)0.129
Main occupation
 Studying318 (90.9)44 (86.3)
 Other occupations32 (9.1)7 (13.7)1.58 (0.67 to 3.80)0.3060.75 (0.22 to 2.58)0.647
Monthly income
 0–40 000277 (79.1)41 (80.4)
 >40 00073 (20.9)10 (19.6)0.93 (0.44 to 1.94)0.8370.70 (0.30 to 1.62)0.405
Ever smoked any substance
 No320 (91.4)40 (78.4)
 Yes30 (8.6)11 (21.6)2.93 (1.37 to 6.30)0.006†3.43 (1.34 to 8.78)0.010*
Ever consumed alcohol
 No176 (50.3)13 (25.5)
 Yes174 (49.7)38 (74.5)2.96 (1.52 to 5.74)0.001†2.85 (1.33 to 6.10)0.007†
Hours of sleep
 ≤7 hours216 (61.7)38 (74.5)
 >7 hours134 (38.3)13 (25.5)0.55 (0.28 to 1.07)0.0800.78 (0.38 to 1.63)0.511
Duration of weekly exercise
 <30 min92 (26.3)14 (27.5)
 ≥30 min258 (73.7)37 (72.5)0.94 (0.49 to 1.82)0.8600.080 (0.39 to 1.65)0.549
Type of snacks consumed
 None30 (8.6)1 (2.0)0.1350.041*
 Non-fried/baked products23 (6.6)1 (2.0)1.30 (0.08 to 21.98)0.8544.85 (0.24 to 96.38)0.300
 Fried/baked products297 (84.8)49 (96.0)4.95 (0.66 to 37.13)0.12015.46 (1.62 to 147.37)0.017*
Skipping meals
 No115 (41.4)17 (33.3)
 Yes205 (58.6)34 (66.7)1.42 (0.76 to 2.63)0.2732.69 (1.16 to 6.25)0.022*
Skipping breakfast
 No200 (57.1)32 (62.7)
 Yes150 (42.9)19 (37.3)0.79 (0.43 to 1.45)0.4500.35 (0.15 to 0.81)0.015*
Weekly fruit consumption
 <4 times234 (66.9)35 (68.6)
 4–7 times116 (33.1)16 (31.4)0.92 (0.49 to 1.74)0.8020.53 (0.24 to 1.17)0.117
Weekly vegetable consumption
 <4 times246 (70.3)28 (54.9)
 4–7 times104 (29.7)23 (45.1)1.94 (1.07 to 3.53)0.029*2.27 (1.11 to 4.66)0.025*
Weekly consumption of sugar-containing drinks
 <4 times311 (88.9)41 (80.4)
 4–7 times39 (11.1)10 (19.6)1.95 (0.90 to 4.19)0.0891.57 (0.62 to 3.93)0.341
Body mass index-for-age
 Normal289 (82.6)41 (80.4)0.6980.890
 Overweight12 (3.4)1 (2.0)0.59 (0.07 to 4.64)0.6141.14 (0.13 to 0.988)0.907
 Thinness49 (14.0)9 (17.6)1.30 (0.59 to 2.83)0.5180.81 (0.34 to 1.96)0.645
  • *P<0.05.

  • †P<0.01.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR.