Table 5

Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with comorbidity of hypertension with IFCG

VariablesHypertension with IFCGCOR (95% CI)P valueAOR (95% CI)P value
AbsentPresent
Sex
 Male169 (44.9)19 (76.0)
 Female207 (55.1)6 (24.0)0.26 (0.10 to 0.66)0.005†0.29 (0.10 to 0.78)0.014*
Age (years)
 10–14172 (45.7)15 (60.0)
 15–19204 (54.3)10 (40.0)0.56 (0.25 to 1.28)0.1710.66 (0.24 to 1.77)0.546
Marital status
 Single357 (94.9)22 (88.0)
 Married19 (5.1)3 (12.0)2.56 (0.70 to 9.32)0.1530.81 (0.11 to 5.83)0.836
Main occupation
 Studying342 (91.0)20 (80.0)
 Other occupations34 (9.0)5 (20.0)2.52 (0.89 to 7.13)0.021*1.67 (0.32 to 8.87)0.544
Monthly income (Naira)
 0–40 000299 (79.5)19 (76.0)
 >40 00077 (20.5)6 (24.0)1.23 (0.47 to 3.18)0.4621.44 (0.50 to 4.17)0.504
Ever smoked any substance
 No336 (89.4)24 (96.0)
 Yes40 (10.6)1 (4.0)0.35 (0.05 to 2.66)0.3100.13 (0.01 to 1.32)0.085
Ever consumed alcohol
 No180 (47.9)9 (36.0)
 Yes196 (52.1)16 (64.0)1.63 (0.70 to 3.79)0.2531.74 (0.66 to 4.59)0.262
Hours of sleep
 ≤7 hours239 (63.6)15 (60.0)
 >7 hours137 (36.4)10 (40.0)1.16 (0.51 to 2.66)0.7201.41 (0.53 to 3.72)0.488
Duration of weekly exercise
 <30 min99 (26.3)7 (28.0)
 ≥30 min277 (73.7)18 (72.0)0.92 (0.37 to 2.27)0.8551.10 (0.40 to 3.04)0.850
Snacks commonly consumed
 None24 (6.4)7 (28.0)0.002†0.003†
 Non-fried/baked products23 (6.1)1 (4.0)0.15 (0.02 to 1.31)0.0860.12 (0.01 to 1.27)0.078
 Fried/baked products329 (87.5)17 (68.0)0.18 (0.07 to 0.47)0.000‡0.09 (0.02 to 0.37)0.001†
Skipping meals
 No155 (41.2)7 (28.0)
 Yes221 (58.8)18 (72.0)1.80 (0.74 to 4.42)0.1971.98 (0.54 to 7.34)0.304
Skipping breakfast
 No220 (58.5)12 (48.0)
 Yes156 (41.5)13 (52.0)1.53 (0.68 to 3.44)0.3061.54 (0.47 to 5.11)0.479
Weekly fruit consumption
 <4 times255 (67.8)14 (56.0)
 4–7 times121 (32.2)11 (44.0)1.66 (0.73 to 3.760.2271.43 (0.50 to 4.12)0.509
Weekly vegetable consumption
 <4 times261 (69.4)13 (52.0
 4–7 times115 (30.6)12 (48.0)2.10 (0.93 to 4.73)0.0751.61 (0.59 to 4.43)0.357
Weekly consumption of sugar containing drinks
 <4 times330 (87.8)22 (88.0)
 4–7 times46 (12.2)3 (12.0)0.98 (0.28 to 3.40)0.9720.93 (0.22 to 3.94)0.919
Body mass index-for-age
 Normal312 (83.0)18 (72.0)0.3680.388
 Overweight12 (3.2)1 (4.0)1.44 (0.18 to 11.73)0.7312.91 (0.30 to 28.16)0.356
 Thinness52 (13.8)6 (24.0)2.00 (0.76 to 5.27)0.1611.87 (0.62 to 5.69)0.270
  • *P<0.05.

  • †P<0.01.

  • ‡P<0.001

  • AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR; IFCG, impaired fasting capillary glucose.