Table 1

Sex-wise and age-wise distribution of respondents’ general characteristics

VariablesSexAge (years)Total
MaleFemaleP value10–1415–19P value
Marital status
 Single179 (95.2)200 (93.9)176 (94.1)203 (94.9)379 (94.5)
 Married9 (4.8)13 (6.1)0.66311 (5.9)11 (5.1)0.74522 (5.5)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Main occupation
 Studying173 (92.0)189 (88.7)166 (88.8)196 (91.6)362 (90.3)
 Other occupations15 (8.0)24 (11.3)0.26721 (11.2)18 (8.4)0.34239 (9.7)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Monthly income (Naira)
 0–40 000147 (78.2))171 (80.3)144 (77.0)174 (81.3)318 (79.3)
 >40 00041 (21.8)42 (19.7)0.60643 (23.0)40 (18.7)0.28983 (20.7)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Household size (persons)
 1–691 (48.4)84 (39.4)86 (46.0)89 (41.6)175 (43.6)
 >697 (51.6)129 (60.6)0.071101 (54.0)125 (58.4)0.375226 (56.4)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Ever smoked any substance†
 No170 (90.4)190 (89.2)174 (93.0)186 (86.9)360 (89.8)
 Yes18 (9.6)23 (10.8)0.68713 (7.0)28 (13.1)0.045*41 (10.2)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Ever consumed alcohol
 No90 (47.9)99 (46.5)77 (41.2)112 (52.3)189 (47.1)
 Yes98 (52.1)114 (53.5)0.780110 (58.8)102 (47.7)0.026*212 (52.9)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Hours of sleep
 ≤7 hours121 (64.4)133 (62.4)124 (66.3)130 (60.7)254 (63.3)
 >7 hours67 (35.6)80 (37.6)0.69063 (33.7)84 (39.3)0.249147 (36.7)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Duration of weekly exercise‡
 <30 min53 (28.2)53 (24.9)47 (25.1)59 (27.6)106 (26.4)
 ≥30 min135 (71.8)160 (75.1)0.453140 (74.9)155 (72.4)0.581295 (73.6)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Skipping meals at least once/day
 No75 (39.9)87 (40.8)75 (40.1)87 (40.3)162 (40.4)
 Yes113 (60.1)126 (59.2)0.846112 (59.9)127 (59.3)0.911239 (59.6)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Skipping breakfast at least once/week
 No109 (58.0)123 (57.7)111 (59.4)121 (56.5)232 (57.9)
 Yes79 (42.0)90 (42.3)0.96376 (40.6)93 (43.5)0.569169 (42.1)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Types of snacks consumed
 None15 (8.0)16 (7.5)12 (6.4)19 (8.9)24 (6.0)
 Non-fried/baked products10 (5.3)14 (6.6)7 (3.8)17 (7.9)346 (86.3)
 Fried/baked products163 (86.7)183 (85.9)0.862168 (89.8)178 (83.2)0.12031 (7.7)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Weekly consumption of fruits
 <4122 (64.9)147 (69.0)0.381118 (63.1)151 (70.6)0.113269 (67.1)
 4–7 times66 (35.1)66 (31.0)69 (36.9)63 (29.4)132 (32.9)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Weekly consumption of vegetable
 <4 times128 (68.1)146 (68.5)0.921125 (66.8)149 (69.6)0.055274 (68.3)
 4–7 times60 (31.9)67 (31.5)62 (33.2)65 (30.4)127 (31.7)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Weekly consumption of sugar containing drinks
 <4 times161 (85.6)191 (89.7)0.218158 (84.5)194 (90.7)0.060352 (87.8)
 4–7 times27 (14.4)22 (10.3)29 (15.5)20 (9.3)49 (12.2)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
  • *P<0.05.

  • †Tobacco, cigarette, cocaine and Indian hemp.

  • ‡Exercises such as stretching, walking, running, weight training and sprinting.