Table 2

Body mass index-for-age, blood pressure and fasting capillary glucose status of the adolescents

VariablesSexAge (years)Total
MaleFemaleP value10–1415–19P value
Body mass index-for-age
 Normal146 (77.7)184 (86.4)139 (74.3)191 (89.2)330 (82.3)
 Overweight7 (3.7)6 (2.8)0.0673 (1.6)10 (4.7)0.000‡13 (3.2)
 Thinness35 (18.6)23 (10.8)45 (24.1)13 (6.1)58 (14.5)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Blood pressure classification by degree
 Normotension121 (64.4)161 (75.6)0.047*115 (61.5)167 (78.0)0.001†282 (70.3)
 Prehypertension25 (13.3)18 (8.4)23 (12.3)20 (9.3)43 (10.7)
 Hypertension42 (22.3)34 (16.0)49 (26.2)27 (12.7)76 (19.0)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Fasting capillary glucose status
 Normal148 (78.7)184 (86.4)0.064152 (81.3)180 (84.1)0.461332 (82.8)
 IFCG40 (21.3)28 (13.1)34 (18.2)34 (15.9)68 (17.0)
 Diabetes0 (0.0)1 (0.5)1 (0.5)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
Comorbidity of hypertension with IFCG
 Normal125 (66.5)156 (73.2)0.026*118 (63.1)163 (76.2)0.006†281 (70.1)
 Hypertension alone23 (12.2)28 (13.1)34 (18.2)17 (7.9)51 (12.7)
 IFPG alone21 (11.2)23 (10.8)20 (10.7)24 (11.2)44 (11.0)
 Both19 (10.1)6 (2.9)15 (8.0)10 (4.7)25 (6.2)
 Total188 (100.0)213 (100.0)187 (100.0)214 (100.0)401 (100.0)
  • *P<0.05.

  • †P<0.01.

  • ‡P<0.001.

  • IFCG, impaired fasting capillary glucose.