Table 1

Demographic characteristics of patients

CharacteristicAll patients (n=5 22 167)*ICU admission (n=1 72 473)Non-ICU admission (n=2 93 384)Not reported (n=56 310)P valueSurvivor and non-COVID-19 death (n=2 97 043)Non-survivor (n=1 60 495)†Still in the hospital (n=53 503)P value
Age
 Median (IQR)—years61 (47–73)65 (52–76)59 (45–72)61 (47–74)<0.00156 (42–68)71 (60–80)60 (46–72)<0.001
 Distribution, number (%)<0.001<0.001
 0–1913 136 (2.5)3211 (1.9)8517 (2.9)1408 (2.5)9994 (3.4)985 (0.6)1628 (3.0)
 20–3971 728 (13.7)16 978 (9.8)46 823 (16.0)7927 (14.1)54 889 (18.5)7299 (4.6)7814 (14.6)
 40–59170 266 (32.6)50 445 (29.3)101 922 (34.7)17 899 (31.8)114 769 (38.6)33 405 (20.8)18 196 (34.0)
 60–69108 416 (20.8)39 362 (22.8)57 404 (19.6)11 650 (20.7)56 788 (19.1)38 044 (23.7)11 352 (21.2)
 70–7990 800 (17.4)35 944 (20.8)44 943 (15.3)9913 (17.6)38 304 (12.9)41 883 (26.1)8942 (16.7)
 ≥8067 808 (13.0)26 530 (15.4)33 769 (11.5)7509 (13.3)22 303 (7.5)38 872 (24.2)5570 (10.4)
Sex, number (%)<0.001<0.001
 Male292 570 (56.0)100 399 (58.2)161 377 (55.0)30 794 (54.7)163 967 (55.2)92 376 (58.6)30 146 (56.3)
 Female229 513 (44.9)72 060 (41.8)131 964 (45.0)25 489 (45.3)133 028 (44.8)68 101 (42.4)23 345 (43.6)
 Pregnant, number (%)4441 (1.9)802 (1.1)3249 (2.5)390 (1.5)<0.0013603 (2.7)230 (0.3)469 (2.0)<0.001
 Puerperal, number (%)1350 (0.6)426 (0.6)850 (0.6)74 (0.3)<0.001965 (0.7)204 (0.4)148 (0.6)<0.001
Ethnoracial, number (%)<0.001<0.001
 White196 035 (37.5)67 619 (39.2)114 339 (39.0)14 077 (25.0)115 358 (38.8)58 487 (36.4)19 257 (36.0)
 Black/Brown198 096 (37.9)61 450 (35.6)114 378 (39.0)22 268 (39.6)106 312 (35.8)66 889 (41.7)19 891 (37.2)
 Other7237 (1.4)2135 (1.2)4191 (1.4)911 (1.6)4028 (1.4)2332 (1.5)710 (1.3)
 Not reported120 799 (23.1)41 269 (23.9)60 476 (20.6)19 054 (33.8)71 345 (24.0)32 787 (20.4)13 645 (25.5)
Region of residence, number (%)<0.001<0.001
 North41 961 (8.0)10 024 (5.8)27 065 (9.2)4872 (8.7)23 149 (7.8)14 537 (9.1)3559 (6.7)
 Northeast104 213 (20.0)33 220 (19.3)50 377 (17.2)20 616 (36.6)49 733 (16.7)37 919 (23.6)12 695 (23.7)
 Center-West48 864 (9.4)16 581 (9.6)28 872 (9.8)3411 (6.1)29 169 (9.8)13 532 (8.4)4759 (8.9)
 Southeast257 503 (49.3)88 817 (51.5)144 010 (49.1)24 676 (43.8)151 595 (51.0)76 494 (47.7)25 050 (46.8)
 South69 590 (13.3)23 814 (13.8)43 042 (14.7)2734 (4.9)43 380 (14.6)17 997 (11.2)7439 (13.9)
 Foreigner36 (0.0)17 (0.0)18 (0.0)1 (0.0)17 (0.0)16 (0.0)1 (0.0)
Hospital in the same municipality of residence, number (%)<0.001<0.001
 Yes388 304 (74.4)118 002 (68.4)227 423 (77.5)42 879 (76.2)224 134 (75.5)116 664 (72.7)39 772 (74.3)
 No133 827 (25.6)54 454 (31.6)65 943 (22.5)13 430 (23.9)72 892 (24.5)43 815 (27.3)13 730 (25.7)
 Distance (km) from residence to hospital†32.0 (18.4–64.1)35.6 (19.8–77.8)29.4 (18.0–56.6)25.8 (14.5–54.7)<0.00129.8 (18.1–57.8)34.1 (19.1–71.9)34.5 (18.8–75.9)<0.001
  • *Includes 11 126 patients with unknown clinical outcome.

  • †Non-survivors are classified as those whose death was associated with COVID-19, according to the SIVEP-Gripe database. Those who had COVID-19 but died due to an unrelated cause are classified under ‘Survivor & non-COVID-19 death’. Survivor n=296 002, non-COVID-19 death=1041.

  • ‡Distances (measured in km) are calculated from the centroid of the notification municipality (consistent with municipality of hospitalisation) to the centroid of the municipality of residence, using the South America Lambert Conformal Conic projection.

  • ICU, intensive care unit.