Table 4

ORs and HRs for death among hospitalised patients with confirmed COVID-19

VariablesUnivariable OR* (95% CI)P value†Multivariable OR (95% CI) n=168 936P value†HR (95% CI) for death within 60 days of hospitalisation n=176 559
Age (reference 0–19)
 20–391.35 (1.26 to 1.46)<0.0011.66 (1.45 to 1.91)<0.0011.67 (1.48 to 1.89)
 40–592.94 (2.74 to 3.15)<0.0012.70 (2.37 to 3.09)<0.0012.21 (1.97 to 2.48)
 60–696.76 (6.30 to 7.26)<0.0015.15 (4.52 to 5.88)<0.0013.05 (2.72 to 3.43)
 70–7911.05 (10.30 to 11.86)<0.0018.24 (7.24 to 9.42)<0.0013.90 (3.48 to 4.38)
 ≥8017.58 (16.37 to 18.88)<0.00114.52 (12.74 to 16.59)<0.0015.51 (4.91 to 6.18)
Sex (reference female)
 Male1.10 (1.09 to 1.11)<0.0011.23 (1.20 to 1.26)<0.0011.09 (1.07 to 1.10)
Ethnoracial self-classification (reference White)
 Black/Brown1.25 (1.24 to 1.27)<0.0011.18 (1.15 to 1.22)<0.0011.08 (1.06 to 1.10)
 Other1.18 (1.12 to 1.25)<0.0011.05 (0.95 to 1.16)0.3091.02 (0.96 to 1.10)
 Not reported0.9 (0.89 to 0.92)<0.0010.77 (0.74 to 0.80)<0.0010.79 (0.77 to 0.81)
Region (reference Southeast)
 South0.85 (0.83 to 0.87)<0.0010.89 (0.87 to 0.92)<0.0010.91 (0.89 to 0.93)
 Center-West0.96 (0.94 to 0.98)<0.0011.04 (1.00 to 1.08)0.0491.00 (0.97 to 1.03)
 North1.31 (1.28 to 1.34)<0.0011.83 (1.75 to 1.92)<0.0011.34 (1.30 to 1.39)
 Northeast1.61 (1.58 to 1.64)<0.0011.48 (1.43 to 1.55)<0.0011.10 (1.07 to 1.12)
 ICU5.21 (5.14 to 5.28)<0.0015.20 (5.08 to 5.32)<0.0011.78 (1.75 to 1.81)
 Obesity0.91 (0.88 to 0.93)<0.0011.23 (1.18 to 1.27)<0.0011.07 (1.04 to 1.10)
 Diabetes1.32 (1.30 to 1.35)<0.0011.18 (1.15 to 1.21)<0.0011.08 (1.07 to 1.10)
 Asthma0.59 (0.56 to 0.61)<0.0010.81 (0.77 to 0.86)<0.0010.88 (0.84 to 0.92)
 Chronic liver disease1.87 (1.76 to 1.99)<0.0011.74 (1.59 to 1.90)<0.0011.33 (1.26 to 1.40)
 Chronic neurological disease2.12 (2.06 to 2.19)<0.0011.65 (1.58 to 1.73)<0.0011.18 (1.15 to 1.21)
 Chronic lung disease1.92 (1.86 to 1.99)<0.0011.46 (1.40 to 1.53)<0.0011.16 (1.13 to 1.19)
 Immunodeficiency1.53 (1.47 to 1.58)<0.0011.93 (1.83 to 2.04)<0.0011.26 (1.22 to 1.31)
 Chronic kidney disease2.23 (2.16 to 2.30)<0.0011.70 (1.63 to 1.78)<0.0011.17 (1.14 to 1.21)
  • *The N varies for univariable OR, depending on the number of missing values for each variable.

  • †P value from Wald test.

  • ICU, intensive care unit.