Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
  • Men ≥45 years of age

  • Patient must be a candidate for HoLEP

  • Refractory to medical therapy or patient is not willing to consider (further) medical treatment

  • Patient has a prostate size of at least 50 mL and not more than 150 mL, measured by transrectal ultrasound

  • IPSS ≥12

  • QoL ≥3

  • Qmax ≤15 mL/s with a minimum voided volume ≥125 mL or patient in urinary retention

  • Written informed consent

  • Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction

  • Urethral stenosis

  • Nickel allergy

  • Pre-interventionally proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate

  • Not able to complete questionnaires due to cognitive or thought disorders, language skills insufficient for informed consent and/or completion of questionnaires

  • HoLEP, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate; IPSS, International Prostate Symptom Score; Qmax, maximum flow rate; QoL, Quality of Life Questionnaire.