Table 2

Preventive measures and fear against the COVID-19 infection of respondents by participation in the subsidy programme for domestic travel

CharacteristicsTotal (N=25 482)Participants (N=3289)Non-participants (N=22 193)P value
Preventive measures
Personal preventive actions
 Social distancing21 359 (83.8)2776 (84.4)18 582 (83.7)0.85
 Wearing masks24 018 (94.3)3074 (93.5)20 944 (94.4)0.80
 Avoiding closed spaces20 728 (81.3)2574 (78.3)18 154 (81.8)0.43
 Avoiding crowded spaces22 949 (90.1)3028 (92.1)19 921 (89.8)0.08
 Avoiding close contact settings20 152 (79.1)2381 (72.4)17 771 (80.1)0.09
 Handwashing22 191 (87.1)2956 (89.9)19 235 (86.7)0.02
 Avoiding touching face19 591 (76.9)2511 (76.3)17 080 (77.0)0.87
 Respiratory hygiene22 037 (86.5)2856 (86.8)19 182 (86.4)0.92
 Surface disinfection13 340 (52.4)1625 (49.4)11 715 (52.8)0.40
High-risk behaviour patterns
 Visiting restaurants6674 (26.3)1305 (39.7)5369 (24.2)<0.001
 Visiting bars/nightclubs4185 (16.4)1013 (30.8)3172 (14.3)<0.001
 Visiting karaoke bars2465 (9.7)630 (19.2)1836 (8.3)0.01
 Visiting fitness clubs2712 (10.6)736 (22.4)1976 (8.9)<0.001
 Visiting brothels1885 (7.4)438 (13.3)1447 (6.5)0.08
Proxies of other preventive measures
 Use of contact-tracing app4331 (17.0)996 (30.3)3336 (15.0)<0.001
 Support for stay-at-home requests19 825 (77.8)2668 (81.1)17 158 (77.3)0.32
 Influenza vaccine in the last season8791 (34.5)1403 (42.7)7389 (33.3)0.03
Fear against the COVID-19 infection
Not afraid at all1641 (6.4)217 (6.6)1424 (6.4)0.71
Not afraid1910 (7.5)317 (9.6)1592 (7.2)
Neutral5793 (22.7)786 (23.9)5007 (22.6)
Somewhat afraid9423 (37.0)1122 (34.1)8302 (37.4)
Very afraid6715 (26.4)847 (25.8)5868 (26.4)
  • The analyses were weighted to account for selection in an internet survey. Because of weighting, the sum of participants and non-participants did not necessarily equal the number of total respondents. The numbers are no. (%). Personal preventive actions included nine personal protective measures recommended by the WHO. High-risk behaviour patterns included five risky behaviours for COVID-19 during the state of emergency. The fear against the COVID-19 infection was measured on a five-point scale of ‘not afraid at all (0% if I were to rate the level of fear between 0% and 100%)’, ‘not afraid (25%)’, ‘neutral (50%)’, ‘somewhat afraid (75%)’ and ‘very afraid (100%)’ to the question ‘Are you afraid of the COVID-19 infection?’. P values are calculated Χ2 test. The analyses of this table were for the purpose of simple description and did not account for multiple comparisons in the presentation of the p values.