Table 1

Reported measures in WHO European member states, including territories Kosovo and Greenland (categorised by type, number of countries and percentage of countries)

Implemented measureNumber of countries in which measure was reported, overall (%)Number of countries in which measure(s) were reported as led/sponsored by government (national)Number of countries in which measure(s) were reported as led/sponsored by government (regional)Number of countries in which measure(s) were reported as led by NGO/civil societyNumber of countries in which measure(s) were reported as led by NGO/civil society and government in partnershipNumber of countries where leading body was unclear
Response services
 Helpline expansion/maintain43 (78.2)33320217
 Shelter expansion/maintain38 (69.1)25814612
 Move resources online38 (69.1)15225410
 VAWC app13 (23.6)110502
 Financial/goods support13 (23.6)51911
 Extra funding for NGOs13 (23.6)111300
 Proactive contact with survivors11 (20.0)82300
 Emergency mobile teams3 (5.5)10110
 Monitor past perpetrators3 (5.5)00301
 EU funding earmarked for VAWC services2 (3.6)20000
 Testing for survivors1 (1.8)10000
 Open air F2F appointments1 (1.8)00100
Awareness and outreach
 Media campaign/Info dissemination48 (87.3)3762548
 Official guidance/policy30 (54.5)260090
 Advocacy11 (20.0)32800
 Creation of taskforce7 (12.7)61010
 Community/corporate Fundraising for VAWC services3 (5.5)00300
Legal support for survivors
 Fast track/prioritise/extend legal processes15 (27.3)130213
 Exempt from lockdown measures*13 (23.6)111102
 Eviction of perpetrator5 (9.1)30003
 Police prioritise DV cases3 (5.5)30000
 Alcohol ban1 (1.8)01000
Coordination with other services
 Pharmacy help point14 (25.5)33618
 Raise police awareness9 (16.4)80110
 Supermarket/shop help point5 (9.1)20302
 Ensure provision of existing SRH services 5 (9.1)21002
 Childcare provision4 (7.3)11101
 Postman check in3 (5.5)31101
 Free transport2 (3.6)00200
 Police codeword1 (1.8)10000
 PPE for police1 (1.8)10000
 Dentist guidelines for telephone assessment1 (1.8)00100
 Medical care for refugees1 (1.8)10000
 Other service coordination3 (5.5)00220
Strengthen capacity/protection for professionals
 PPE/testing for VAWC staff11 (20.0)70501
 Other support for VAWC centre staff3 (5.5)10210
  • *‘Exempt from lockdown measures’ refers to a situation where those facing violence within the home were exempt from the strict lockdown measures imposed in their local area, for example, being exempt from curfews or being allowed to use public transport to access support services.

  • DV, Domestic Violence; F2F, Face-to-face; NGO, Non-governmental organisations; PPE, Personal Protective Equipment; SRH, Sexual and Reproductive Health; VAWC, violence against women and/or children.