Table 4

Association of sex, ethnicity, SEP and the presence of chronic illness with number of care hours during lockdown

Cohort study birth yearSex*Ethnicity†SEP‡Chronic illness§
OR (95% CI)P valueBrant test P valueOR (95% CI)P valueBrant test P valueOR (95% CI)P valueBrant test P valueOR (95% CI)P valueBrant test P value
1946 (n=1170)1.17 (0.77 to 1.79)0.452<0.0001N/AN/AN/A1.17 (0.56 to 2.45)0.6830.3292.20 (1.22 to 3.99)0.0090.192
1958
(n=4884)
1.25 (0.70 to 1.61)0.0870.656N/AN/AN/A1.29 (0.81 to 2.06)0.2820.8772.17 (1.56 to 3.04)<0.00010.860
1970
(n=3972)
0.99 (0.72 to 1.36)0.9550.010N/AN/AN/A0.72 (0.39 to 1.30)0.2720.0262.74 (1.84 to 4.08)<0.00010.244
1989–1990
(n=1787)
0.69 (0.44 to 1.08)0.102<0.00010.44 (0.27 to 0.72)0.0010.0050.87 (0.39 to 1.94)0.7270.00031.63 (1.01 to 2.65)0.0470.010
2000–2002
(n=2605)
0.88 (0.49 to 1.64)0.6810.9980.76 (0.38 to 1.53)0.4320.9722.17 (0.77 to 6.25)0.1460.9981.38 (0.75 to 2.56)0.3010.961
  • All analyses used generalised linear models with ordinal logit link. Significant p values are highlighted in bold.

  • *Sex was coded as 0=male and 1=female; adjustment was made for survey combined weight and shielding letter.

  • †Ethnicity was coded as 0=non-white and 1=white; adjustment was made for survey combined weight, shielding letter and sex. Almost all participants in NSHD (1946), NCDS (1958) and BCS (1970) were white, so ethnicity was not examined.

  • ‡SEP was coded using childhood social class from 1=managerial to 6=unskilled, but ridit scores were used in all analyses; adjustment was made for survey combined weight, shielding letter, sex and ethnicity.

  • §Chronic illness was coded as 0=absent and 1=present; adjustment was made for survey combined weight, shielding letter, sex, ethnicity and SEP.

  • N/A, not available; SEP, socioeconomic position.