Table 3

Linear regression models of factors associated with skipping meals in the last week due to COVID-19

VariablesUnadjusted models Coefficients (95% CI)Adjusted model†
Coefficients (95% CI)
Adjusted model: men only Coefficients (95% CI)Adjusted model: women only Coefficients (95% CI)
Observations345112742177
Women (vs men)0.085 (0.049 to 0.122)***0.055 (0.016 to 0.094)***
Age category (years)
 18–24RefRefRefRef
 25–340.147 (0.092 to 0.202)***0.050 (−0.013 to 0.114)−0.051 (−0.160 to 0.058)0.120 (0.040 to 0.199)***
 35–440.150 (0.100 to 0.199)***0.047 (−0.018 to 0.112)−0.080 (−0.201 to 0.041)0.110 (0.030 to 0.190)***
 45+0.087 (0.032 to 0.141)***−0.002 (−0.071 to 0.067)−0.107 (−0.232 to 0.018)*0.049 (−0.037 to 0.135)
Marital status
 MarriedRefRefRefRef
 Single−0.109 (−0.153 to −0.065)***−0.059 (−0.118 to −0.000)**−0.178 (−0.289 to −0.066)***−0.008 (−0.076 to 0.061)
 Divorced/separated/widowed0.081 (0.039 to 0.123)***0.077 (0.031 to 0.122)***0.081 (−0.101 to 0.264)0.080 (0.032 to 0.128)***
Household size
 1–2 peopleRefRefRefRef
 3–4 people0.048 (−0.012 to 0.108)−0.008 (−0.069 to 0.053)0.003 (−0.086 to 0.091)−0.043 (−0.133 to 0.047)
 5–6 people0.111 (0.054 to 0.168)***0.049 (−0.011 to 0.110)0.070 (−0.018 to 0.159)0.018 (−0.072 to 0.107)
 7+ people0.112 (0.048 to 0.176)***0.065 (−0.001 to 0.132)*0.104 (0.005 to 0.203)**0.032 (−0.064 to 0.128)
Complete loss of income due to COVID-190.172 (0.141 to 0.203)***0.154 (0.125 to 0.184)***0.200 (0.149 to 0.251)***0.125 (0.089 to 0.162)***
Survey round (2 vs 3)0.057 (0.027 to 0.088)***0.049 (0.023 to 0.074)***0.048 (0.004 to 0.092)**0.051 (0.020 to 0.083)***
  • *P<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted models also control for informal settlement where participant resides.