Table 2

Economic, social and health effects of mitigation measures in April (round 2) and May (round 3)

April (round 2)May (round 3)Round p value
Women (%)Men (%)P valueWomen (%)Men (%)P value
Economic effects
Increase in food prices870 (78.3)498 (76.6)0.41927 (84.0)522 (81.3)0.14<0.001
Complete loss of income422 (38.0)216 (33.2)0.05515 (46.7)230 (35.8)<0.001<0.001
Skipped a meal this week due to COVID-19775 (70.9)402 (62.9)0.001838 (77.0)433 (68.0)<0.001<0.001
Social effects
See family less607 (54.6)382 (58.8)0.09621 (56.3)360 (56.1)0.930.946
See my friends less968 (87.1)565 (86.9)0.91018 (92.3)565 (88.0)0.0030.001
Risk of household violence
 More tensions in the household434 (39.1)211 (32.5)0.01400 (36.3)199 (31.0)0.030.166
 More violence experienced inside the house38 (3.5)20 (3.1)0.768 (6.2)18 (2.8)0.0020.019
 More time arguing in the household307 (27.8)141 (22.0)0.007NA
 More fear partner will harm you74 (6.7)29 (4.5)0.06NA
Combined into risk of household violence495 (44.9)248 (38.6)0.01NA
Household chores
 More housework (general)747 (67.2)330 (50.1)<0.001NA
 More time spent cooking539 (48.9)152 (23.7)<0.001NA
 More time spent cleaning670 (60.7)162 (25.2)<0.001NA
 More time spent taking care of children727 (65.9)230 (35.8)<0.001NA
Neighbourhood crime, violence
Increased crime in the neighbourhood426 (38.3)222 (34.2)0.08557 (50.5)294 (45.8)0.06<0.001
More violence experienced outside the house168 (15.1)92 (14.2)0.58263 (23.8)146 (22.7)0.6<0.001
Health effects
Not purchasing sanitary pads (women only)405 (36.5)NA451 (41.0)NA0.030
Not accessing needed healthcare/medicines124 (11.2)30 (4.6)<0.001117 (10.6)38 (5.9)0.0011.000
  • NA, not applicable.