Table 1

Characteristics of stroke aftercare versus care-as-usual

Stroke aftercare (n=84)Care-as-usual (n=306)
Mean (SD) or n (%)Median (range)Mean (SD) or n (%)Median (range)
Age at stroke onset66.22 (10.0)66.14 (11.9)
Sex (male)56 (66.7%)200 (65.4%)
Marital status (in relationship)68 (81.0%)221 (72.2%)
Education level (high)19 (24.1%)82 (26.8%)
Stroke severity2.0 (0–18)2.0 (0–19)
 No stroke symptoms (NIHSS=0)9 (16.7%)81 (26.5%)
 Minor stroke symptoms (NIHSS 1–4)30 (55.6%)180 (58.8%)
 Moderate stroke symptoms (NIHSS 5–12)13 (24.1%)42 (13.7%)
 Moderate to severe stroke symptoms (NIHSS≥13)2 (3.7%)3 (1.0%)
Stroke type
 Ischaemic63 (75.0%)284 (92.8%)†
 Haemorrhagic8 (9.5%)22 (7.2%)
 TIA13 (15.5%)0 (0.0%)†
Stroke hemisphere
 Left36 (42.9%)122 (39.9%)
 Right33 (39.3%)127 (41.5%)
 Other (eg, brainstem)15 (17.9%)53 (17.3%)
 Unknown4 (1.3%)
Discharge destination
 Home61 (72.6%)231 (75.5%)
 Inpatient rehabilitation23 (27.4%)75 (24.5%)
  • *P<0.05 compared with only baseline (or Z-score ≥1.96 for adjusted residuals for categorical variables).

  • †P≤0.001 compared with stroke aftercare (or Z-score ≥2.58 for adjusted residuals for categorical variables).

  • NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.