Table 4

Association between labour market participation patterns, company characteristics, employment and working conditions, and sickness absence trajectories among salaried workers

WomenMen
Low Decreasing vs Low StableDecreasing vs Low StableIncreasing vs Low StableMiddle Stable vs Low StableHigh Stable vs
Low Stable
aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
2002–2011
Labour market participation patterns
 Stable Permanent11111
 Increasing Permanent1.03 (0.64–1.64)2.08 (1.18–3.66)*1.05 (0.61–1.81)1.21 (0.67–2.17)0.80 (0.36–1.76)
 Delayed Employment1.47 (0.66–3.27)2.61 (0.95–7.12)1.03 (0.39–2.73)1.79 (0.59–5.41)0.13 (0.02–0.82)*
 Fluctuating Employment1.06 (0.52–2.16)2.41 (1.01–5.75)*0.79 (0.35–1.80)1.25 (0.57–2.74)0.62 (0.21–1.85)
Company characteristics
 Company size
  Small-medium (≤100 workers)11111
  Big (>100 workers)0.64 (0.45–0.93)*0.46 (0.28–0.74)*0.72 (0.47–1.10)0.94 (0.57–1.55)1.24 (0.62–2.49)
 Company ownership
  Private11111
  Public1.81 (1.01–3.25)*1.55 (0.73–3.27)1.10 (0.53–2.23)1.78 (0.73–4.35)2.24 (0.72–6.94)
2012–2014
Employment and working conditions
 Working time (% weekly hours)
  Full-time (>87.5%)11111
  Part-time (50%–87.5%)1.14 (0.70–1.86)0.39 (1.17–0.86)1.10 (0.63–1.94)0.91 (0.32–2.60)0.81 (0.20–3.33)
  Short part-time (37.5%–49%)1.41 (0.08–24.23)2.67 (0.15–46.40)5.06 (0.43–59.11)
  Marginal part-time (≤37.5%)1.19 (0.25–5.58)0.58 (0.06–5.52)1.45 (0.25–8.37)
 Occupational category
  Non-manual skilled11111
  Non-manual non-skilled1.19 (0.72–1.98)1.09 (0.57–2.07)0.93 (0.52–1.68)0.89 (0.42–1.91)0.57 (0.21–1.53)
  Manual skilled0.95 (0.50–1.82)0.78 (0.94–1.77)1.03 (0.50–2.12)0.9 (0.42–1.94)0.68 (0.25–1.85)
  Manual non-skilled1.29 (0.61–2.74)0.70 (0.26–1.90)0.99 (0.41–2.38)1.10 (0.45–2.66)0.51 (0.16–1.66)
 Income in tertiles
  High11111
  Medium1.16 (0.74–1.80)1.86 (1.05–3.30)1.04 (0.61–1.76)1.17 (0.70–1.94)0.80 (0.37–1.75)
  Low0.73 (0.44–1.19)1.50 (0.79–2.83)1.01 (0.58–1.79)1.66 (0.90–3.07)3.86 (1.73–8.58)*
 Type of contract
  Permanent contract11111
  Temporary contract0.90 (0.53–1.52)0.66 (0.34–1.29)1.98 (1.10–3.55)1.12 (0.58–2.13)0.83 (0.32–2.12)
  • *Statistically significant (p<0.05).

  • aOR, adjusted OR.