Table 1

Employment-related characteristics of salaried workers living in Catalonia across labour market participation patterns (2002–2011)

Labour market participation patterns
Women (N=879)Men (N=500)
Stable Permanent Employment (45.6%)Increasing Permanent Employment (23.7%)Delayed Employment (11.8%)Fluctuating Employment (18.9%)P valueStable Permanent Employment (43.6%)Increasing Permanent Employment (20.6%)Delayed Employment (11.6%)Fluctuating Employment (24.2%)P value
Age in 2002, mean (SD)24.0 (2.8)23.0 (2.9)21.9 (2.7)22.6 (3.0)<0.001*23.8 (3.0)22.8 (2.9)22.1 (2.9)22.6 (2.9)<0.001*
2002–2011N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)
Company size
 Small-medium (≤100 workers)267 (66.6)128 (61.5)72 (69.2)109 (65.7)0.271157 (72.0)72 (69.9)41 (70.7)97 (80.2)0.513
 Big (>100 workers)134 (33.4)80 (38.5)32 (30.8)57 (34.3)61 (28.0)31 (30.1)17 (29.3)24 (19.8)
Company ownership
 Private353 (88.0)175 (84.1)87 (83.7)123 (74.1)0.775192 (88.1)95 (92.2)54 (93.1)108 (89.3)<0.001*
 Public29 (7.2)22 (10.6)12 (11.5)37 (22.3)15 (6.9)6 (5.8)2 (3.5)9 (7.4)
2012–2014
Working time (% weekly hours)
 Full-time (>87.5%)355 (88.5)169 (81.3)82 (78.9)142 (85.5)0.148210 (96.3)98 (95.2)53 (91.4)115 (95.0)0.039*
 Part-time (50–87.5%)40 (10.0)38 (18.3)17 (16.4)21 (12.7)8 (3.7)4 (3.9)5 (8.6)4 (3.3)
 Short part-time (37.5–49%)2 (0.5)2 (1.9)1 (0.6)1 (1.0)
 Marginal part-time (≤37.5%)4 (1.0)1 (0.5)3 (2.9)2 (1.2)2 (1.6)
Occupational category
 Non-manual skilled50 (12.5)43 (20.7)29 (27.9)38 (22.9)0.002*16 (7.3)13 (12.6)8 (13.8)13 (10.7)<0.001*
 Non-manual non-skilled265 (66.1)122 (58.7)41 (39.4)75 (45.2)67 (30.7)33 (32.0)19 (32.8)31 (25.6)
 Manual skilled64 (16.0)30 (14.4)18 (17.3)25 (15.1)112 (51.4)36 (35.0)25 (43.1)44 (36.4)
 Manual non-skilled22 (5.5)13 (6.3)16 (15.4)28 (16.9)23 (10.6)21 (20.4)6 (10.3)33 (27.3)
Income in tertiles
 High129 (32.2)70 (33.7)29 (27.9)40 (24.2)<0.001*113 (51.8)38 (36.9)14 (24.1)26 (21.5)<0.001*
 Medium135 (33.7)80 (38.5)27 (26.0)40 (24.2)74 (33.9)39 (37.9)22(37.9)42 (34.7)
 Low137 (34.2)58 (27.9)48 (46.2)85 (51.5)31 (14.2)26 (25.2)22 (37.9)53 (43.8)
Total40120810416621810358121
  • *Statistically significant (p<0.05).