Table 4

Regression analyses

StudySummary of findings
Adam et al14Prior ability (including UKCAT) predicts some year 4 and year 5 outcomes although ‘other academic achievement’ predicts stronger than UKCAT; demographic variables (gender, age, domicile) reduce the effect of prior achievement.
Husbands and Dowell26UKCAT scores explain 6% of the variance in Dundee year 1 assessments.
Husbands et al7UKCAT Total Score explains 6%–13% of variance in Aberdeen Year 4 and 5 exams and 11% of variance in Dundee year 4 examinations.
Hanlon et al22No meaningful relationships reported between UKCAT scores and assessments outcomes.
MacKenzie et al13UKCAT Total Score and all subtest scores were significantly and positively associated with all four outcome measures in UKFPO applicants.
McManus et al9The incremental validity of the UKCAT over current educational attainment was small but significant.
Sartania et al25UKCAT total score was independently associated with course performance before and after adjustment for gender, age, ethnicity and deprivation. UKCAT scores predict knowledge outcomes although in most cases, effects reduce on adjustment for the effect of advanced qualifications.
Tiffin and Paton24SJT scores remained significant predictors of theory performance even after adjustment of cognitive ability.
Yates and James29UKCAT total score has a weak relationship with two curriculum themes. Quantitative Reasoning predicts outcomes in one theme and Verbal Reasoning in two themes.
Yates and James30UKCAT total score, Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning showed significant effects for a knowledge based exam.
Wright and Bradley6UKCAT a significant predictor of performance in almost all exams.
  • SJT, situational judgement; UKCAT, UK Clinical Aptitude Test.