Table 2

Bivariable and multivariable independent associated factors of acute stress reaction syndrome among visitors of Jimma Medical Center, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2020 (N=247)

Had acute stress reaction syndrome, n (%)No acute stress reaction syndrome, n (%)COR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)P value
Sex
 Male85 (78.0)104 (75.4)1.16 (0.64 to 2.10)0.59 (0.25 to 1.429)0.248
 Female24 (22.0)34 (24.6)11
Age group (years)
 18–2432 (29.4)54 (39.1)3.56 (0.41 to 30.88)8.91 (0.356 to 222.89)0.183
 25–3440 (36.7)45 (32.6)5.33 (0.62 to 46.22)11.89 (0.54 to 260.82)0.116
 35–4425 (22.9)26 (18.8)5.77 (0.65 to 51.40)4.56 (0.21 to 98.82)0.333
 45–5411 (10.1)7 (5.1)9.43 (0.93 to 95.89)8.14 (0.31 to 214.32)0.209
 55–661 (0.9)6 (4.3)11
Marital status
 Single29 (26.6)62 (44.9)11
 Ever married80 (73.4)76 (55.1)2.25 (1.31 to 3.87)2.93 (0.95 to 9.05)0.061
Occupation
 Farmer38 (34.9)39 (28.3)11
 Student25 (22.9)50 (36.2)0.51 (0.27 to 0.99)0.58 (0.08 to 4.17)0.596
 Unemployed19 (17.4)19 (13.8)1.03 (0.47 to 2.23)0.46 (0.08 to 2.50)0.372
 Privately employed11 (10.1)12 (8.7)0.94 (0.37 to 2.39)3.73 (0.74 to 18.64)0.108
 Government employed16 (14.7%)18 (13.0%)0.91 (0.41 to 2.05)8.09 (1.38 to 47.18)0.020*
Income (in dollar)
 <15.1853 (48.6)73 (52.9)0.91 (0.43 to 1.92)5.65 (0.74 to 43.23)0.095
 15.18–45.5319 (17.4)14 (10.1)1.70 (0.65 to 4.40)1.73 (0.361 to 8.34)492
 45.56–75.9116 (14.6)18 (13.0)1.11 (0.43 to 2.85)0.81 (0.17 to 3.70)0.789
 75.94–106.285 (4.6)13 (9.4)0.48 (0.14 to 1.63)0.50 (0.08 to 3.12)0.462
 >106.3116 (14.7)20 (14.5)11
Educational status
 No formal education40 (36.7)32 (23.2)2.99 (1.45 to 6.14)2.17 (0.52 to 9.07)0.284
 Primary education26 (23.9)26 (18.8)2.39 (1.10 to 5.18)2.70 (0.76 to 9.54)0.121
 Secondary education25 (22.9)37 (26.8)1.61 (0.76 to 3.41)1.69 (0.52 to 5.41)0.376
 Higher education18 (16.5)43 (31.2)11
Insomnia
 No insomnia21 (19.3)101 (73.2)11
 Mild insomnia57 (52.3)28 (20.3)9.79 (5.10 to 18.80)14.74 (6.14 to 35.40)0.001*
 Moderate to severe insomnia31 (28.4)9 (6.5)16.03 (6.64 to 38.68)35.13 (10.76 to 114.66)0.001*
Social support
 Poor social support62 (56.9)53 (38.4)2.42 (1.23 to 4.79)4.08 (1.31 to 12.67)0.015*
 Moderate social support39 (35.8)43 (31.2)2.24 (1.10 to 4.56)2.30 (0.70 to 7.53)0.165
 Strong social support8 (7.3)42 (30.4)11
Going to a crowded place
 No28 (25.7)54 (39.1)11
 Yes81 (74.3)84 (60.9)1.86 (1.07 to 3.22)1.96 (0.87 to 4.41)0.104
Perceived that COVID-19 infection leads to stigma
 No11 (10.1)26 (18.8)11
 Yes98 (89.9)112 (81.2)1.58 (0.78 to 3.19)3.24 (1.11 to 9.45)0.031*
Practice hand washing to prevent COVID-19 infection
 No30 (27.5)26 (18.8)1.64 (0.90 to 2.98)1.28 (0.54 to 3.05)0.568
 Yes79 (72.5)112 (81.2)11
  • *P<0.05.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; COR, Crud OR.