Table 1

Characteristics of users who responded to the baseline questionnaire

DemographicsAll users
(n=24 602)
Included in follow-up*
(n=2672)
Not included in follow-up
(n=21 930)
Difference between groups†, p value
Mean age, years (SD)43.7 (14.4)44.4 (13.5)43.6 (14.5)0.002
Language, n (%)0.005
 Swedish22 244 (90.4)2468 (92.4)19 776 (90.2)
 English1346 (5.5)126 (4.7)1220 (5.6)
 German615 (2.5)50 (1.9)565 (2.6)
 Spanish177 (0.7)13 (0.5)164 (0.7)
 Finnish102 (0.4)11 (0.4)91 (0.4)
 Arabic26 (0.1)0 (0)26 (0.1)
 Undefined92 (0.4)4 (0.1)88 (0.4)
Country, n (%)0.002
 Sweden21 658 (88)2402 (89.9)19 256 (87.8)
 Other2940 (12)270 (10.1)2670 (12.2)
 Undefined4 (0)0 (0)4 (0)
Reason for downloading the app, n (%)<0.001
 To improve incontinence15 471 (62.9)1817 (68.0)13 654 (62.3)
 To train preventively9131 (37.1)855 (32.0)8276 (37.7)
Highest level of education, n (%)<0.001
 6 years of school or less382 (1.6)28 (1.0)354 (1.6)
 7–9 years of school958 (3.9)48 (1.8)910 (4.1)
 10–12 years of school7194 (29.2)586 (21.9)6608 (30.1)
 University16 068 (65.3)2010 (75.2)14 058 (64.1)
Place of residence, n (%)NS
 Rural area4366 (17.7)457 (17.1)3909 (17.8)
 Place/town <50 000 people6721 (27.3)685 (25.6)6036 (27.5)
 Town/city 50 000–1 million people9137 (37.1)1049 (39.3)8088 (36.9)
 Major city >1 million people4378 (17.8)481 (18.0)3897 (17.8)
Incontinent, n (%)18 384 (74.7)2163 (81.0)16 221 (74.0)<0.001
Characteristics of incontinent usersn=18 384n=2163n=16 221
Mean age, years (SD)45.5 (14.1)45.6 (13.3)45.5 (14.2)NS
Overall score ICIQ-UI SF, mean (SD)8.2 (4.0)8.1 (3.9)8.2 (4.0)NS
Symptom severity, n (%)NS
 Slight5842 (31.8)689 (31.9)5153 (31.8)
 Moderate9479 (51.6)1145 (52.9)8334 (51.4)
 Severe2872 (15.6)308 (14.2)2564 (15.8)
 Very severe191 (1.0)21 (1.0)170 (1.0)
Type of incontinence, n (%)NS
 Stress incontinence9759 (53.1)1196 (55.3)8563 (52.8)
 Urgency incontinence2224 (12.1)263 (12.2)1961 (12.1)
 Mixed incontinence5684 (30.9)632 (29.2)5052 (31.1)
 Other717 (3.9)72 (3.3)645 (4.0)
Mean age in each severity category, years (SD)
 Slight43.2 (14.0)43.5 (13.0)43.2 (14.1)NS
 Moderate46.3 (14.0)46.2 (13.4)46.3 (14.1)NS
 Severe46.8 (13.9)47.6 (13.2)46.7 (14.0)NS
 Very severe52.5 (15.4)55.0 (13.3)52.1 (15.6)NS
Mean age in each type of incontinence, years (SD)
 Stress incontinence42.0 (11.8)42.4 (10.9)41.9 (11.9)NS
 Urgency incontinence52.1 (16.8)51.5 (16.5)52.1 (16.8)NS
 Mixed incontinence49.3 (14.5)49.5 (13.9)49.2 (14.6)NS
 Other42.2 (15.8)42.9 (14.8)42.2 (15.9)NS
  • *Responded to the follow-up questionnaire within 89–135 days. Not pregnant or no child born within previous 3 months.

  • †Differences in characteristics of users included in analyses at follow-up compared with those who were not included, t-test for continuous variables and Χ2 test for categorical variables.

  • ICIQ-UI SF, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form; NS, not significant.