Table 1

Demographics characteristics of participants in the AAA survey

Participant Characteristics†
Age‡ mean (SD; years)54.6±14.9
BMI‡ mean (SD; kg/m2; n=1003)28.8±8.1
Index of Multiple Deprivation‡ mean (SD, n=759)5.33±2.7
Gender n (%)
 Male402 (39.2%)
 Female624 (60.8%)
Ethnicity n (%)
 White-British, Irish, other979 (95.4%)
 Black/black British-Caribbean, African, other8 (0.8%)
 Chinese/Chinese British2 (0.2%)
 Middle Eastern/Middle Eastern British-Arab, Turkish, other2 (0.2%)
 Mixed race-other5 (0.5%)
 Mixed race-white and black/black British3 (0.3%)
 Other ethnic groups7 (0.7%)
Health or social care worker (n=1025) n (%)
 Yes150 (14.6%)
 No875 (85.3%)
Job requires contact with COVID-19 patients (n=144) n (%)
 Yes39 (3.8%)
 No105 (10.2%)
Diabetes n (%)
 Yes538 (52.4%)
 No488 (47.6%)
BMI≥40 kg/m2 n (%)
 Yes142 (13.8%)
 No884 (86.2%)
Chronic respiratory disease n (%)
 Yes179 (17.4%)
 No847 (82.6%)
Chronic heart disease n (%)
 Yes132 (12.9%)
 No894 (87.1%)
Chronic kidney disease n (%)
 Yes147 (14.3%)
 No879 (85.7%)
Chronic liver disease n (%)
 Yes49 (4.8%)
 No977 (95.2%)
Chronic neurological conditions n (%)
 Yes35 (3.4%)
 No991 (96.6%)
Spleen problems n (%)
 Yes16 (1.6%)
 No1010 (98.4%)
Weakened immune system n (%)
 Yes159 (15.5%)
 No867 (84.5%)
Aged >70 years n (%)
 Yes178 (17.3%)
 No848 (82.7%)
Pregnant n (%)
 Yes21 (2.0%)
 No1005 (98.0%)
Other risk factors* n (%)
 Yes303 (29.5%)
 No723 (70.5%)
No of high-risk groups n (%)
 1471 (45.9%)
 2336 (32.7%)
 3+219 (21.3%)
  • *Short-term or long-term health conditions, for example, mentalhealth.

  • †n=1026 except where otherwise specified.

  • ‡Mean and SD.

  • AAA, attitudes and actions; BMI, body mass index.