Table 1

Baseline characteristics (N=714)

CharacteristicsSummary measures
Conventional CVD risk factors
 Age (years)67 (62–73)
 Male434 (61)
 Current smoker218 (31)
 HDL (mmol/L)1.4 (1.2–1.7)
 Cholesterol (mmol/L)5.0 (4.3–5.8)
 SBP (mm Hg)142 (131–154)
 Diabetes mellitus82 (12)
 Drugs to treat hypertension245 (34)
CV measures
 aPWV (m/s)9.8 (8.4–11.8)
 CIMT (mm)0.81 (0.71–0.96)
Alternative measures
 CRP (mg/L)1.21 (0.47–2.01)
 Fibrinogen (g/dL)1.22 (1.06–1.36)
 Glucose (mmol/L)1.59 (1.46–4.59)
 BMI (kg/m2)27 (23–31)
 GOLD (stage)2 (2–3)
 4MGS (m/s)0.95 (0.77–1.14)
 6MWT distance (m)366 (255–440)
 BODE (point)3 (1–5)
  • Values are given as median and IQR, or number of cases (%).

  • aPWV, aortic pulse wave velocity; BMI, body mass index; BODE, Body mass index, airflow Obstruction, Dyspnoea and Exercise capacity; CIMT, carotid intima−media thickness; CRP, C reactive protein; CV, cardiovascular; CVD, cardiovascular disease; GOLD, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; 4MGS, 4 m gait speed; 6MWT, 6 min walk test; SBP, systolic blood pressure.