Table 2

Crude and adjusted ORs for awareness and susceptibility of HTP among Guatemalan youth*

HTP awareness
n=1503 (52.4%)
HTP susceptible
n=1500 (52.4%)
%OR95%CIAOR95%CI%OR95%CIAOR95%CI
Sociodemographic characteristics
Sex
 Female54.94ReferenceReference52.33ReferenceReference
 Male49.720.86(0.74 to 1.01)0.81‡(0.68 to 0.97)52.400.98(0.84 to 1.14)0.83(0.66 to 1.04)
Age (mean)15.291.25‡(1.17 to 1.32)1.05(0.93 to 1.18)15.261.29‡(1.22 to 1.37)0.93(0.79 to 1.08)
Grade—US categories
 Basico (grades 8–9)43.77ReferenceReference44.04ReferenceReference
 Bachillerato (grades 10–12)58.951.73‡(1.48 to 2.02)1.00(0.74 to 1.35)58.641.92‡(1.64 to 2.24)1.08(0.73 to 1.59)
School performance
 <80%53.26ReferenceReference60.92ReferenceReference
 80%–89%54.621.02(0.82 to 1.27)1.30‡(1.01 to 1.67)55.120.75‡(0.61 to 0.93)0.88(0.64 to 1.20)
 90%–100%48.610.72‡(0.57 to 0.92)1.13(0.85 to 1.51)44.580.49‡(0.39 to 0.62)0.83(0.58 to 1.19)
Parents’ highest educational attainment
 Secondary school or less53.06ReferenceReference46.94ReferenceReference
 High school or technical school52.331.00(0.55 to 1.83)0.75(0.37 to 1.51)52.331.23(0.69 to 2.22)1.07(0.43 to 2.67)
 University or more52.871.06(0.60 to 1.90)0.80(0.41 to 1.59)53.291.27(0.72 to 2.24)1.34(0.55 to 3.27)
 Missing45.260.71(0.37 to 1.40)0.91(0.40 to 2.05)39.710.75(0.39 to 1.46)1.11(0.39 to 3.16)
Substance use variables%OR95%CIAOR95%CI%OR95%CIAOR95%CI
Cigarette smoker
 Never (unsusceptible)41.59ReferenceReference17.00ReferenceReference
 Never (susceptible)51.391.54‡(1.28 to 1.86)0.88(0.69 to 1.13)75.9015.68‡(12.52 to 19.65)6.18‡(4.72 to 8.07)
 Ever (not current)65.062.69‡(2.19 to 3.31)1.19(0.89 to 1.59)81.3622.69‡(17.53 to 29.37)6.93‡(5.02 to 9.57)
 Current79.605.60‡(4.01 to 7.81)1.58(1.00 to 2.49)90.8051.58‡(32.64 to 81.51)10.53‡(5.92 to 18.71)
E-cigarette user
 Never (unsusceptible)33.43ReferenceReference4.64ReferenceReference
 Never (susceptible)43.121.60‡(1.27 to 2.03)1.28(0.95 to 1.73)63.4236.41‡(24.52 to 54.07)12.18‡(7.79 to 19.03)
 Ever (not current)55.942.51‡(2.03 to 3.09)1.65‡(1.23 to 2.21)61.3438.66‡(26.34 to 57.75)11.08‡(7.07 to 17.37)
 Current72.414.67‡(3.73 to 5.86)2.10‡(1.47 to 2.99)78.73124.45‡(82.40 to 187.94)21.87‡(13.02 to 36.71)
Alcohol
Never35.34ReferenceReference20.56ReferenceReference
Ever (not current)46.251.65‡(1.34 to 2.03)1.25(0.97 to 1.60)52.414.18‡(3.33 to 5.26)1.73‡(1.25 to 2.41)
Current (no binge)57.842.44‡(1.96 to 3.05)1.28(0.95 to 1.71)65.688.78‡(6.81 to 11.32)1.49‡(1.03 to 2.17)
Current (binge)76.835.27‡(4.07 to 6.82)1.84‡(1.28 to 2.65)75.3617.99‡(13.41 to 24.15)1.65‡(1.04 to 2.60)
Marijuana
 Never49.43ReferenceReference48.40ReferenceReference
 Ever (not current)77.973.49‡(2.42 to 5.04)1.50(0.97 to 2.32)85.886.79‡(4.40 to 10.46)1.61(0.94 to 2.75)
 Current81.554.03‡(2.42 to 6.71)1.48(0.82 to 2.67)93.2016.78‡(7.72 to 36.49)3.49‡(1.40 to 8.72)
Internet cigarette ad exposure
 Never44.74ReferenceReference38.78ReferenceReference
 Rarely/sometimes55.191.66‡(1.40 to 1.96)1.07(0.86 to 1.34)58.642.22‡(1.88 to 2.62)1.40‡(1.06 to 1.84)
 Mostly/always63.012.44‡(1.87 to 3.19)1.08(0.75 to 1.57)64.782.87‡(2.20 to 3.73)1.52(0.97 to 2.40)
Internet e-cigarette ad exposure
 Never39.70ReferenceReference35.38ReferenceReference
 Rarely/sometimes55.472.00‡(1.68 to 2.38)1.39‡(1.10 to 1.75)57.112.43‡(2.05 to 2.89)1.05(0.78 to 1.41)
 Mostly/always66.123.33‡(2.62 to 4.22)1.76‡(1.26 to 2.46)69.124.05‡(3.19 to 5.13)0.86(0.57 to 1.30)
Family member smokes cigarettes
 No45.78ReferenceReference46.13ReferenceReference
 Yes64.362.14‡(1.82 to 2.51)1.31‡(1.07 to 1.60)63.802.08‡(1.78 to 2.44)1.17(0.91 to 1.50)
Family member smokes e-cigarettes
 No47.96ReferenceReference48.76ReferenceReference
 Yes69.282.17‡(1.78 to 2.64)1.25(0.98 to 1.59)66.392.25‡(1.85 to 2.73)1.08(0.81 to 1.45)
Family member uses HTP
 No49.98ReferenceReference51.18ReferenceReference
 Yes67.852.08‡(1.65 to 2.62)1.60‡(1.22 to 2.09)60.511.48‡(1.19 to 1.84)0.98(0.71 to 1.36)
Friend smokes cigarettes
 No43.72ReferenceReference40.50ReferenceReference
 Yes59.811.89‡(1.62 to 2.20)1.03(0.83 to 1.29)62.562.50‡(2.14 to 2.91)0.91(0.70 to 1.19)
Friend uses e-cigarettes
 No39.71ReferenceReference38.98ReferenceReference
 Yes59.801.96‡(1.67 to 2.31)0.72‡(0.57 to 0.91)60.172.75‡(2.33 to 3.25)0.70‡(0.51 to 0.95)
Friend uses HTP
 No48.05ReferenceReference49.90ReferenceReference
 Yes77.734.19‡(3.27 to 5.38)4.15‡(3.11 to 5.55)66.431.98‡(1.59 to 2.47)1.83‡(1.31 to 2.57)
Constructed scales (score range)MeanOR95%CIAOR95%CIMeanOR95%CIAOR95%CI
Sensation seeking (1–4)2.871.61‡(1.44 to 1.80)1.08(0.95 to 1.24)2.972.47‡(2.20 to 2.78)1.41‡(1.19 to 1.68)
Technophilia (0–7)5.851.29‡(1.19 to 1.41)1.07(0.97 to 1.19)5.821.29‡(1.18 to 1.40)1.04(0.91 to 1.20)
Family Affluence Scale (0–9)7.461.15‡(1.09 to 1.21)1.10‡(1.04 to 1.17)7.291.04(0.99 to 1.09)0.94(0.88 to 1.02)
  • *All models include a random intercept for each participant to account for school clustering.

  • †Adjusted models are adjusted for all independent variables.

  • ‡Significant at α=0.05.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; HTP, heated tobacco product.