Table 1

Characteristics of secondary school student participants in Guatemala, 2019 (n=2870)

n%
Dependent variables
Aware of HTP150352.4
Susceptible to HTP150052.4
HTP use
 Never (unsusceptible)*199369.6
 Never (susceptible)†54719.1
 Ever (not current)2418.4
 Current842.9
Sociodemographic characteristicsn%
Sex
 Male143850.3
 Female142049.7
Age (mean, SD)15.091.32
Grade—US categories
 Basico (grades 8–9)123843.1
 Bachillerato (grades 10–12)163256.9
School performance
 <80%52318.8
 80%–89%132147.6
 90%–100%93233.6
Parents’ highest educational attainment
 Secondary school or less491.7
 High school or technical school53718.7
 University or more214674.8
 Missing1384.8
Substance use variablesn%
Ever use of any tobacco product167558.4
Of ever users, first tobacco product used
 Cigarette45643.2
 E-cigarette57054.0
 HTP161.5
 Other131.2
Cigarette smoker
 Never (unsusceptible)*126144.0
 Never (susceptible)†75426.3
 Ever (not current)60121.0
 Current2508.7
E-cigarette user
 Never (unsusceptible)*71325.0
 Never (susceptible)†54519.1
 Ever (not current)80828.3
 Current79127.7
Of current smokers, which product used
 Only cigarettes485.7
 Only e-cigarettes55665.9
 Only HTPs40.5
 More than one product23630.0
Of current HTP users
 Also smoke cigarettes4452.4
 Also smoke e-cigarettes7892.9
Alcohol user
 Never68323.9
 Ever (not current)93532.7
 Current (no binge)67623.7
 Current (binge)‡56119.6
Marijuana user
 Never256390.2
 Ever (not current)1776.2
 Current1033.6
Internet cigarette ad exposure
 Never98034.5
 Rarely/sometimes154354.3
 Mostly/always31911.2
Internet e-cigarette ad exposure
 Never88131.0
 Rarely/sometimes147151.8
 Mostly/always49017.2
Family member smokes cigarettes102535.8
Family member uses e-cigarettes59921.0
Family member uses HTP39513.8
Friend smokes cigarettes155154.1
Friend smokes e-cigarettes181763.6
Friend uses HTP42314.8
Constructed scales (score range)MeanSD
Sensation seeking (1–4)2.770.7
Technophilia (0–7)5.730.9
Family Affluence Scale (0–9)7.271.57
  • *Unsusceptible is defined as answering definitely no to both ‘Do you think you will smoke in the next 12 months?’ and ‘If one of your best friends offered you a cigarette, would you smoke it?’

  • †Susceptible is defined as answering probably no, probably yes or definitely yes to either ‘Do you think you will smoke in the next 12 months?’ or ‘If one of your best friends offered you a cigarette, would you smoke it?’

  • ‡Binge drinking is defined as consuming four or more drinks on one occasion in the last month

  • HTP, heated tobacco product.