Table 2

Association between area characteristics and COVID-19 deaths at local authority level: England

1% increase in proportion aged 70 or olderPopulation density (100 per square km)Index of multiple deprivationPollution
Death rate per million−0.20*0.27*0.28*0.36*
95% CI−0.26 to –0.150.19 to 0.350.084 to 0.560.25 to 0.47
  • *p<0.05.