Table 3

Multivariate analysis of association between area characteristics and COVID-19 deaths at local authority level: England

1% increase in proportion ethnic minority1% increase in proportion aged 70 or olderPopulation density (100 per square km)Index of multiple deprivationPollution
Death rate per million4.42*−0.011−0·00230.0980.10
95% CI2.24 to 6.60−0.11 to 0.083−0.015 to 0.011−0.194 to 0.389−0.05 to 0.251
  • *p<0.05.