Table 3

Bivariate analysis between non-communicable diseases risk factors and background characteristics of the adult population of Bangladesh (Χ2 test)

Background characteristicsCurrent tobacco consumption (in any form) (n=8185)Current alcohol consumption (in the past 30 days) (n=8185)*Inadequate fruits and/or vegetables intake (n=8185)†Insufficient physical activity (n=8185)‡Overweight/ obese (n=8013)§Raised BP (hypertension) (n=8154)¶Raised glucose (diabetes)**Raised total cholesterol
Highest level of education
 No education/ <primary60.21.292.21320.222.87.327
Marital status
 Never married31.63907.711.492.218.8
 Currently married44.71.389.311.527.821.28.628.3
 Ever married††
Economic status
  • All the differences of findings are statistically significant at the p value <0.05.

  • *Participants taking less than five servings of fruits and/or vegetables on average per day.

  • †Participants doing less than 150 min of moderate-intensity physical activity per week.

  • ‡Overweight and obese: BMI ≥25 kg/m2.

  • §Raised BP: Systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg.

  • ¶Raised blood sugar: ≥7.0 mmol/L or, ≥126 mg/dl.

  • **Raised total cholesterol: ≥5.0 mmol/L.

  • ††Ever married: Separated/divorced/widow/widowed.

  • %, percentage; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; n, number.