Table 1

COVID-19 primary stress items relationship with changes in drinking severity (as indexed by the AUDIT-C) from prequarantine to quarantine.

Stress factorN totalYes
M (SD)
N
Yes
No
M (SD)
N
No
MW
P value
MAN1
P value
MAN2
P value
95% CI
Essential worker13370.16 (1.9)241−0.21 (1.6)10960.02*0.01*0.01*−0.58 to −0.1
Employment1337−0.14 (1.8)323−0.14 (1.6)10140.830.960.92
Others ill1334−0.17 (1.8)497−0.12 (1.6)8370.750.640.63
Others severely ill1336−0.01 (2)127−0.15 (1.6)12090.350.70.69
Isolated alone1325−0.1 (1.9)168−0.15 (1.6)11570.830.850.82
Having children13340.34 (1.4)209−0.23 (1.7)1125<0.0001*0.005*0.003*−12.46 to 0.0
Poor relationship1168−0.3 (1.7)187−0.13 (1.6)9810.350.70.69
Going outdoors1336−0.27 (1.3)193−0.12 (1.7)11430.260.70.69
  • 95% confidence interval (CI) for most stringent statistically significant finding.

  • *p-value indicates statistical significance.

  • AUDIT-C, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; M, mean; MAN1 p-value, MANCOVA p-value controlling for age and gender; MAN2 p-value, MANCOVA p-value controlling for age, gender, depression, and anxiety; MW p-value, Mann-Whitney U-Test p-value; SD, standard deviation.