Table 3

Comparisons between subjects with negative and positive reflux symptoms index

CharacteristicsPositive reflux symptomsPercentage (%)Negative reflux symptomsPercentage (%)P valueOR
Gender0.0841.390 (0.956 to 2.021)
 Male4820.513226.4
 Female18679.536873.6
ConsanguinityNS
 Negative17681.537482.2
 Positive4018.58117.8
Marital statusNS
 Single1847941483.5
 Non-single49218216.5
Educational levelNS
 Low198.2244.8
 High21491.847595.2
Cigarette smoking0.0021.920 (1.273 to 2.894)
 No18478.643887.6
 Yes daily5021.46212.4
Shisha smoking0.1261.299 (0.929 to 1.815)
 No15666.736172.2
 Yes regularly7833.313927.8
Smoking both shisha and cigarettes2.323 (1.395 to 3.869)
 No20185.946793.40.001
 Yes regularly3314.1336.6
SES
 Low5724.610420.9
 Medium17274.137775.70.286
 High31.3173.40.12
Age group (years)0.005*
 0–1793.861.2
 18–3019382.545591
 31–452510.7326.4
 46+7371.4
Working0.0321.419 (1.029 to 1.957)
 Unemployed13859.233667.3
 Employed9540.816332.7
Type of workNS
 Labourer86.1119.7
 Clerk or in a restaurant107.6119.7
 Technician3123.75145.1
 Specialist76583531
 Employee64.654.4
Medical conditions except gastro<0.0001†
 Negative11561.831977.2
 Respiratory42.220.5
 Cardiac42.281.9
 Endocrine115.94210.2
 Urinary30.341
 Neurological105.4102.4
 Skeletal105.4102.4
 Asthma105.420.5
 Allergic reaction1910.2163.9
Losing someone close due to warNS
 No6840.514944
 Yes a loved one or a close friend21.230.9
 Yes a relative9858.318755.2
Distressed from war noises0.0091.562 (1.117 to 2.183)
 Negative6829.219539.2
 Positive16570.830360.8
Changing place of living due to warNS
 Negative11650.224649.8
 Positive11549.824850.2
  • *This p value is among all age groups. However, p=0.012 when comparing age groups (0–30) years with older than 30 years and p=0.008 when comparing age group 18–30 years with older than 30 years.

  • †P value when comparing having any disease or not was p=0.003.

  • NS, not significant; SES, socioeconomic status.