Table 4

Association between sexual practice and gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, syphilis and HIV positivity among men who have sex with men only (MSMO) and men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) attending a sexual health centre in Melbourne, 2011–2018

HIV/STIOR (95% CI)P valueaOR (95% CI)*P value
Gonorrhoea (any anatomical site)†
 MSMO1.50 (1.25 to 1.80)<0.0011.36 (1.13 to 1.64)0.001
 MSMW11ref
Chlamydia (any anatomical site)†
 MSMO1.50 (1.25 to 1.80)<0.0011.39 (1.16 to 1.67)<0.001
 MSMW11ref
Syphilis
 MSMO1.58 (1.25 to 2.00)<0.0011.74 (1.37 to 2.22)<0.001
 MSMW11ref
HIV (new diagnosis)‡
 MSMO4.26 (2.26 to 8.03)<0.0014.60 (2.43 to 8.70)<0.001
 MSMW11ref
HIV (previous diagnosis)
 MSMO7.13 (3.37 to 15.11)<0.0019.08 (4.26 to 19.37)<0.001
 MSMW1ref1ref
  • *Adjusted by age, country of birth, sex overseas, injected drug use in the past 12 months, regular partner, number of male sexual partners in the past 12 months, condom use with casual male partners in the past 12 months and year of visit;.

  • †Any anatomical site for gonorrhoea includes urethral, anorectal and oropharyngeal; while any site for chlamydia includes urethral and anorectal;.

  • ‡Only including HIV cases diagnosed on the day of the first visit.

  • STI, sexually transmitted infection; aOR, adjusted odds ratio; OR, odds ratio; MSMO, men who have sex with men only; MSMW, men who have sex with men and women; CI, confidence interval .