Table 2

Demographic characteristics and sexual practices among men who have sex with men attending a sexual health centre in Melbourne, 2011–2018, stratified by men who have sex with men only (MSMO) and men who have sex with men and women (MSMW)

Men who have sex with men only (N=12 795)Men who have sex with men and women (N=1979)P value
n (%)n (%)
Age (years), median (IQR)27 (23–33)29 (24–38)<0.001
Country of birth<0.001
 Australia6208 (48.5)1094 (55.3)
 Overseas6110 (47.8)790 (39.9)
 No information477 (3.7)95 (4.8)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Status0.224
 Indigenous origin150 (1.2)17 (0.9)
 Non-indigenous origin11 595 (90.6)1783 (90.1)
 No information1050 (8.2)179 (9.0)
Sex overseas in the past 12 months0.060
 Yes4415 (34.5)735 (37.1)
 No7571 (59.2)1131 (57.2)
 No information809 (6.3)113 (5.7)
Sex work during lifetime0.574
 Yes71 (0.6)13 (0.7)
 No12 724 (99.4)1966 (99.3)
Injected drug use in the past 12 months0.032
 Yes211 (1.6)40 (2.0)
 No12 363 (96.6)1890 (95.5)
 No information221 (1.7)49 (2.5)
No of female and male sexual partners in the past 12 months, median (IQR)5 (3–10)6 (4–11)<0.001
No of male sexual partners in the past 12 months, median (IQR)5 (3–10)2 (1–5)<0.001
No of female sexual partners in the past 12 months, median (IQR)NA2 (1–5)
Regular sexual partner
 No regular partner7513 (58.7)1053 (53.2)
 Regular male partner5132 (40.1)169 (8.5)
 Regular female partnerNA663 (33.5)
 Regular female and male partnerNA91 (4.6)
 No information150 (1.2)3 (0.2)
Anal sexual practice with regular male partners†0.118
 Receptive only435 (8.5)15 (5.8)
 Insertive only465 (9.1)16 (6.2)
 Receptive and insertive3921 (76.4)214 (82.3)
 No anal sex234 (4.6)9 (3.5)
 No information77 (1.5)6 (2.3)
Condom use with regular male partners in the past 12 months for receptive anal sex*‡0.005
 Always1241 (28.5)85 (37.1)
 Not always3115 (71.5)144 (62.9)
Condom use with regular male partners in the past 12 months for insertive anal sex§*0.010
 Always1254 (28.6)84 (36.5)
 Not always3132 (71.4)146 (63.5)
Vaginal or anal sex with regular female partner*¶
 YesNA729 (96.7)
 NoNA10 (1.3)
 No informationNA15 (2.0)
Condom use with regular female partners in the past 12 months*, **
 AlwaysNA132 (18.1)
 Not alwaysNA597 (81.9)
Casual sexual partner
 No casual partner806 (6.3)11 (0.6)
 Casual male partner(s)11 969 (93.5)194 (9.8)
 Casual female partner(s)NA30 (1.5)
 Casual female and male partner(s)NA1744 (88.1)
 No information20 (0.2)0 (0)
Anal sexual practice with casual male partners<0.001
 Receptive only1262 (9.9)131 (6.6)
 Insertive only1344 (10.5)282 (14.2)
 Receptive and insertive7835 (61.2)1060 (53.6)
 No anal sex1692 (13.2)422 (21.3)
 No information662 (5.2)84 (4.2)
Condom use with casual male partners in the past 12 months for receptive anal sex††*
 Always4207 (46.2)597 (50.1)0.012
 Not always4890 (53.8)594 (49.9)
Condom use with casual male partners in the past 12 months for insertive anal sex*‡‡
 Always4276 (46.6)649 (48.4)0.223
 Not always4903 (53.4)693 (51.6)
Vaginal or anal sex with casual female partner
 YesNA1686 (85.2)
 NoNA56 (2.8)
 No informationNA237 (12.0)
Condom use with casual female partners in the past 12 months§§*
 AlwaysNA548 (32.5)
 Not alwaysNA1138 (67.5)
  • *'Not always’ was defined as men who sometimes, usually or never used a condom with their sexual partners in the past 12 months (with female partners for vaginal and/or anal sex, with male partners for anal sex).

  • †Only including MSM with regular male partners or regular male and female partners.

  • ‡Only including MSM that referred receptive only or receptive and insertive anal sex with regular male partners.

  • §Only including MSM that referred insertive only or receptive and insertive anal sex with regular male partners.

  • ¶Only including MSM with regular female partners or regular male and female partners.

  • **Only including MSM that referred vaginal and/or anal sex with regular female partner.

  • ††Only including MSM that referred receptive only or receptive and insertive anal sex with casual male partners.

  • ‡‡Only including MSM that referred insertive only or receptive and insertive anal sex with casual male partners.

  • §§Only including MSM that referred vaginal or anal sex with casual female partners.

  • MSM, men who have sex with men; NA, not applicable.