Table 5

Relationship between characteristics of reviewers with type of review outcome of the Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Medical Education CME credits, 2013–2017

Reviewer characteristicsNumber (%)Type and frequency of review outcomesP valueEffect size†
Gender (n=417)1.120.770.05
 Male118 (28)50481010
 Female299 (72)1201193624
Continent (n=390)31.450.030.16
 Africa4 (1)1102
 Asia13 (3)5701
 Europe196 (50)8675269
 North America163 (42)60671620
 Oceania10 (3)6202
 South America4 (1)0310
Years of experience (postresidency) (n=180)
 Less than 10 years30 (17)111621
 Less than 20 years45 (25)202041
 Less than 30 years37 (21)151624
 Less than 40 years53 (29)261584
 Less than 50 years13 (7)2623
 Less than 60 years2 (1)1001
Years of experience (postmedical school) (n=290)27.490.030.18
 Less than 10 years14 (5)7412
 Less than 20 years95 (33)384674
 Less than 30 years64 (22)232876
 Less than 40 years70 (24)372472
 Less than 50 years40 (14)151159
 Less than 60 years7 (2)3112
  • 2 values were used to assess differences in outcomes across levels of reviewer characteristics such as gender, continents they were from, their years of experience postresidency and medical school.

  • †The Cramer’s V statistic was used as a measure of the effect size. This statistic has a lower limit of 0 and an upper limit of 1 where standards for interpreting Cramer’s V (0.10=small, 0.30=medium and 0.50=large) help determine the magnitude of difference across variable levels.

  • C, competence; CME, continuing medical education; K, knowledge; NA, not applicable; P, performance.