Table 4

Twenty most frequent Continuous Unscheduled Pathways (CUPs) by in-hours or out-of-hours start time for patients (18+) in the last year of life in Scotland in 2016 (N=56 407)

In-hours CUPs (n=58 157)Out-of-hours CUPs (n=133 980)
RankNameNumber%CUM %NameNumber%CUM %
1SEA13 70223.623.6NO30 43422.722.7
2SA863914.938.5O18 60913.936.6
3EA640811.049.5SEA94577.143.7
4S601410.359.8N88686.650.3
5E50858.768.5EA49233.754.0
6SE32915.774.2NSEA48663.657.6
7NO14502.576.7S40283.060.6
8N12302.178.8E38902.963.5
9O10051.780.5SE28162.165.6
10NSEA5611.081.5NOSEA27432.067.6
11SEAS4840.8082.3OO26972.069.6
12SAO3660.6082.9NOSA23061.771.3
13SAS3050.5083.4NONO16771.372.6
14SEAO3050.5083.9NON15171.173.7
15SSEA2850.5084.4NSE13051.074.7
16SSA2390.4084.8NOO11620.9075.6
17SS2290.4085.2NOA11120.8076.4
18EAS2210.4085.6SA10420.8077.2
19SES2200.4086.0NS9480.7077.9
20NSE1640.3086.3NOEA9240.7078.6
  • For example, the CUP ‘SEA’ represents a contact with the Scottish Ambulance Service (S), followed by an attendance at an emergency department (E), then an unscheduled hospital admission (A).

  • *14 704 missing time stamps.

  • A, acute hospital admission; E, emergency department; N, NHS24; O, primary care out-of-hours; S, Scottish Ambulance Service.