Table 5

Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression1 analysis of predictors of food insecurity among lactating mothers in Ataye District, 2018 (n=612)

VariablesFood security statusCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Insecure (%)Secure (%)
Sex of household head
 Male190 (35.5)304 (61.5)1.001.00
 Female35 (29.7)83 (70.5)0.67 (0.44 to 1.04)0.80 (0.46 to 1.38)
Educational status of mothers
 No formal education167 (49.4)171 (50.6)3.64 (2.54 to 5.21)*1.82 (1.13 to 2.92)*
 Formal education58 (21.2)216 (78.8)1.001.00
Number of children <5 years of age
 1–2209 (36)371 (64)1.001.00
 >216 (50)16 (50)1.77 (0.87 to 3.62)1.45 (0.57 to 3.67)
Source of food
 Own source160 (46.2)186 (53.8)1.001.00
 No known source65 (24.4)201 (75.6)2.66 (1.87 to 3.77)1.05 (0.60 to 1.85)
Income-generating activities
 Yes81 (23.4)256 (76.6)1.001.00
 No144 (54.1)122 (45.9)3.86 (2.73 to 5.46)*3.39 (2.05 to 5.64)*
Frequency of meal per day
 Less than three meals27 (57.4)20 (42.6)5.13 (2.53 to10.37)*3.97 (1.65 to 9.54)*
 Three meals168 (39.9)253 (60.1)2.52 (1.62 to 3.95)*1.86 (1.08 to 3.17)*
 More than three meals30 (20.8)114 (79.2)1.001.00
Postnatal care follow-up
 Yes109 (33.4)217 (66.6)1.001.00
 No116 (40.6)170 (59.4)1.36 (0.98 to 1.89)0.69 (0.45 to 1.09)
Alcohol use by husband
 Yes72 (42.1)99 (57.9)1.37 (0.95 to 1.97)2.02 (1.25 to 3.24)*
 No153 (34.7)288 (65.3)1.001.00
Home garden practice
 Yes46 (17.7)241 (82.3)1.001.00
 No179 (50.9)173 (49.1)4.82 (3.29 to 7.04)*5.65 (3.51 to 9.08)*
Knowledge of nutrition
 Poor121 (45.1)147 (54.9)1.90 (1.36 to 2.65)0.19 (0.51 to 1.26)
 Good104 (30.2)240 (69.8)1.001.00
Minimum dietary diversity score
 Low160 (52.6)144 (47.4)4.15 (2.91 to 5.92)*2.94 (1.88 to 4.57)*
 High65 (21.1)243 (78.9)1.001.00
  • 1 in table caption indicates the model fitness.

  • *1 Hosmer-Lemeshow test (0.86).

  • †* P<0.001

  • AOR, adjusted OR; COR, crude OR; HFI, Household Food Insecurity; MDD, Minimum Dietary Diversity; PNC, postnatal care.