Table 2

COVID-19 response across European countries

Lockdown measuresUKDateFranceDateItalyDateSpainDateSwedenDateNetherlandsDate
Educational facilities closedYesMar
23–Aug 4
YesMar
13–Aug 4
YesMar
1–Aug 4
YesMar
11–Aug 4
NoYesMa
15–Aug 4
Any gathering restrictionsYesMar
23–Aug 4
YesMar
4–Aug 4
YesFeb
22–Aug 4
YesMar
15–Aug 4
YesMar
11–Aug 4
YesMar
10–Aug 4
Stay at home orderYesMar
23–Aug 4
YesMar
18–Aug 4
YesMar
8–Aug 4
YesMar
15–Aug 4
NoNo
Any business closureYesMar
20–Aug 4
YesMar
15–Aug 4
YesFeb
22–Aug 4
YesMar
13–Aug 4
NoYesMar
12–Aug 4
All non-essential businesses closedYesMar
24–Aug 4
YesMar
15–Aug 4
YesMar
8–Apr 14
YesMar
13–Apr 13
NoNo
Travel severely limitedNoYesMar
17–Aug 4
YesMar
8–May 4
NoNoNo
Average duration 4 months4 months5 months4 months –4 months