Table 1

Characteristics of the 48 participating hospitals and comparison with hospitals across Japan

Characteristicn (%)
Participating hospitals
(N=48)
Hospitals across Japan*
(N=8372)
Hospital size
 Small (<200 beds) 4 (8.3)5790 (69.2)
 Medium (200–399 beds) 17 (35.4)1794 (21.4)
 Large (≥400 beds) 27 (56.3)788 (9.4)
Ownership
 Public 34 (70.8)1583 (18.9)
 Private 14 (29.2)6789 (81.1)
Hospital type
 General hospital 46 (95.8)
 Special hospital 2 (4.2)
ICU
 Yes 29 (60.4)
 No 19 (39.6)
Hospital region
 North 10 (20.8)1147 (13.7)
 East 20 (41.7)3307 (39.5)
 West 18 (37.5)3825 (45.7)
 Okinawa0 (0.0)93 (1.1)
Municipality population size
 Small (<50 000) 6 (12.5)
 Medium (50 000–200 000) 14 (29.2)
 Large (>200 000) 28 (58.3)
  • *Survey of Medical Institutions 2018 by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.

  • ICU, intensive care unit.