Table 7

Multiple regression of factors related to role ambiguity

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Demographic characteristics
 Age0.049 (−0.064 to 0.171)−0.074 (−0.072 to 0.206)0.085 (−0.043 to 0.227)0.001 (−0.005 to 0.008)
 Gender0.041 (−0.101 to 0.2260.062 (−0.079 to 0.250)0.061 (−0.070 to 0.253)0.001 (−0.006 to 0.009)
 Marital status0.006 (−0.153 to 0.172)0.057 (−0.153 to 0.175)0.004 (−0.153 to 0.165)0.005 (−0.001 to 0.015)
 Education level−0.074 (−0.228 to 0.042)0.007 (−0.179 to 0.111)−0.023 (−0.170 to 0.112)−0.003 (−0.010 to 0.004)
Work-related factors
 Place of work−0.027 (−0.503 to −0.031)*−0.173 (−0.547 to −0.093)***−0.001 (−0.013 to 0.009)
 Urban area−0.144 (−0.256 to 0.291)0.092 (−0.098 to 0.489)0.006 (−0.002 to 0.027)
 Service post0.008 (−0.200 to 0.226)−0.005 (−0.217 to 0.200)0.002 (−0.006 to 0.014)
 Clinical role0.008 (−0.345 to 0.108)−0.009 (−0.244 to 0.207)0.004 (−0.002 to 0.020)
 Intention to quit−0.055 (−0.342 to 0.732)0.029 (−0.376 to 0.674)−0.001 (−0.028 to 0.022)
Job tasks
 ANC/PNC visits−0.077 (−0.538 to 0.127)−0.012 (−0.049 to −0.017)***
 Salt testing0.189 (0.296 to 1.128)***−0.001 (−0.024 to 0.017)
 GMP0.278 (0.741 to 2.094)***−0.007 (−0.073 to −0.003)*
 TB−0.025 (−0.334 to 0.229)0.005 (−0.003 to 0.024)
 HTS−0.058 (−0.340 to 0.125)0.006 (0.000 to 0.022)
 Drug dispensing−0.103 (−0.333 to 0.008)−0.002 (−0.011 to 0.005)
 VHC meetings−0.095 (−0.647 to 0.089)0.003 (−0.010 to 0.025)
 Family planning−0.040 (−0.245 to 0.114)0.000 (−0.009 to 0.008)
 HBC0.025 (−0.360 to 0.529−0.003 (−0.031 to 0.011)
 Nutrition−0.056 (−0.451 to 0.150)0.001 (−0.013 to 0.016)
PCA components
 Supervisor0.752 (0.550 to 0.558)***
 Role clarity0.498 (0.405 to 0.413)***
 Guidelines0.373 (0.275 to 0.283)***
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, gender, marital status and education level; module 2: adjusted for variables in module 1 and work-related variables; module 3: adjusted for variables in module 2 and job tasks; module 4: adjusted for variables in module 3 and factors identified in PCA for role ambiguity.

  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • ANC/PNC, antenatal care/postnatal care; GMP, growth monitoring promotion; HTS, HIV testing service; PCA, principal component analysis; TB, tuberculosis; VHC, village health committee.