Table 9

Multiple regression of factors related to role overload

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Demographic characteristics
 Age−0.036 (−0.195 to 0.098)−0.060 (−0.255 to 0.090)−0.059 (−0.254 to 0.094)0.002 (−0.003 to 0.009)
 Gender0.038 (−0.131 to 0.276)0.031 (−0.147 to 0.264)0.054 (−0.107 to 0.310)0.003 (−0.001 to 0.014)
 Marital status−0.009 (−0.220 to 0.187)0.005 (−0.197 to 0.217)0.034 (−0.142 to 0.271)0.000 (−0.007 to 0.007)
 Education level0.108 (0.002 to 0.339)*0.082 (−0.053 to 0.312)0.071 (−0.072 to 0.296)−0.003 (−0.012 to 0.001)
Work-related factors
 Place of work0.040 (−0.201 to 0.386)0.020 (−0.245 to 0.337)0.002 (−0.005 to 0.015)
 Urban area0.015 (−0.300 to 0.380)−0.043 (−0.497 to 0.268)0.002 (−0.009 to 0.018)
 Service post0.012 (−0.237 to 0.290)0.015 (−0.236 to 0.298)−0.001 (−0.011 to 0.008)
 Clinical role−0.088 (−0.520 to 0.047)−0.100 (−0.563 to 0.023)0.010 (0.016 to 0.036)***
 Intention to quit−0.043 (−0.954 to 0.396)−0.068 (−1.121 to 0.241)−0.002 (−0.039 to 0.009)
Job tasks
 ANC/PNC visits0.127 (−0.001 to 0.827)*−0.005 (−0.031 to −0.001)*
 Salt testing−0.097 (−0.961 to 0.066)−0.004 (−0.035 to 0.002)
 GMP0.092 (−0.284 to 1.475)0.004 (−0.008 to 0.055)
 TB0.048 (−0.237 to 0.489)0.000 (−0.012 to 0.014)
 HTS−0.022 (−0.051)−0.004 (−0.021 to 0.001)
 Drug dispensing−0.004 (−0.008)−0.001 (−0.009 to 0.007)
 VHC meetings0.088 (0.327)−0.002 (−0.026 to 0.008)
 Family planning−0.076 (−0.158)−0.002 (−0.013 to 0.004)
 HBC−0.024 (−0.103)0.003 (−0.007 to 0.035)
 Nutrition0.084 (0.284)0.000 (−0.015 to 0.013)
PCA components
 Time pressure0.692 (0.663 to 0.670)***
 Task overload0.591 (0.560 to 0.568)***
 Work prioritisation0.313 (0.341 to 0.349)***
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, gender, marital status and education level; module 2: adjusted for variables in model 1 and work-related variables; module 3: adjusted for variables in module 2 and job tasks; module 4: adjusted for variables in model 3 and factors identified in PCA for role overload.

  • *P<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • ANC/PNC, antenatal care/postnatal care; GMP, growth monitoring promotion; HBC, home-based care; HTS, HIV testing service; PCA, principal component analysis; TB, tuberculosis; VHC, village health committee.