Table 3

Estimates derived in analysis of covariance of follow-up scores for workplace risk factors (HSE questionnaire)

DomainStatisticBaseline score as a covariateDistrict (vs urban Freetown)Cadre (vs registered nurse/midwives)CEmOC vs BEmOC
Rural FreetownBoMiddle-grade staffMCHA/SECHNUntrained staffSupport staff
Workplace demands (n=136)Coefficient* (95% CI)0.29
(0.1–0.5)
0.03
(−0.3 to 0.3)
0.06
(−0.2 to 0.3)
−0.06
(−0.5 to 0.4)
0.08
(−0.2 to 0.4)
−0.08
(−0.5 to 0.3)
0.50
(−0.1 to 1.0)
0.19
(−0.0 to 0.4)
Control over work environment (n=141)Coefficient (95% CI)0.46
(0.3–0.6)
0.09
(−0.2 to 0.4)
0.15
(−0.1 to 0.4)
−0.11
(−0.6 to 0.4)
−0.10
(−0.4 to 0.3)
0.02
(−0.4 to 0.5)
0.02
(−0.7 to 0.7)
−0.14
(−0.4 to 0.1)
Managers’ support (n=146)Coefficient (95% CI)0.27
(0.1–0.4)
−0.16
(−0.4 to 0.1)
0.04
(−0.2 to 0.3)
0.007
(−0.4 to 0.4)
0.08
(−0.2, to 0.4)
0.18
(−0.2 to 0.5)
0.15
(−0.4 to 0.7)
0.11
(−0.1 to 0.3)
Peer support (n=146)Coefficient (95% CI)0.44
(0.3–0.6)
−0.01
(−0.3,0.2)
0.01
(−0.2,0.2)
−0.10
(−0.5,0.3)
−0.09
(−0.4,0.2)
−0.26
(−0.6,0.1)
−0.50
(−1.0,0.0)
−0.01
(−0.2,0.2)
Relationships (n=143)Coefficient (95% CI)0.33
(0.2–0.5)
−0.02
(−0.4 to 0.4)
−0.04
(−0.4 to 0.3)
−0.29
(−0.9 to 0.3)
−0.44
(−0.9 to 0.0)
−0.83
(−1.4 to –0.3)
−0.29
(−1.1 to 0.5)
0.22
(−0.1 to 0.5)
Understanding of role (n=142)Coefficient (95% CI)0.30
(0.1–0.5)
−0.05
(−0.3, to 0.2)
−0.26
(−0.5 to –0.1)
−0.23
(−0.6 to 0.1)
−0.30
(−0.6 to –0.0)
−0.36
(−0.7 to –0.0)
−0.70
(−1.2 to –0.2)
0.05
(−0.1 to 0.3)
Response to workplace change (n=140)Coefficient (95% CI)0.16
(0.0–0.3)
0.07
(−0.3 to 0.4)
0.06
(−0.3,0.4)
0.13
(−0.5 to 0.7)
−0.06
(−0.5 to 0.4)
−0.10
(−0.6 to 0.4)
−0.07
(−0.8 to 0.7)
−0.08
(−0.4 to 0.2)
HSE domains combined (n=103)Coefficient (95% CI)0.48
(0.3–0.7)
−0.05
(−0.2 to 0.2)
−0.001
(−0.2 to 0.2)
−0.22
(−0.5 to 0.1)
−0.12
(−0.3 to 0.1)
−0.19
(−0.4 to 0.1)
−0.25
(−0.6 to 0.1)
0.04
(−0.1 to 0.2)
  • *For baseline the coefficient estimates the magnitude of influence of the score at baseline on the follow-up score; for district, cadre and facility type the coefficient estimates the difference specified.

  • BEmOC, basic emergency obstetric care; CEmOC, comprehensive emergency obstetric care; HSE, Health and Safety Executive; MCHA, Maternal and Child Health Aide; SECHN, State Enrolled Community Health Nurses.