Table 4

Factors associated with readiness of facilities to provide outpatient management of NCDs in unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models, TSPA 2014–2015

VariableDMHT&HFCRD
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Unadjusted
(Model 1a)
Adjusted
(Model 1b)
Unadjusted
(Model 2a)
Adjusted
(Model 2b)
Unadjusted
(Model 3a)
Adjusted
(Model 3b)
Facility location
(Ref: Rural)
 Urban15.72 (10.67 to 20.77)5.27 (0.66 to 9.87)11.07 (7.31 to 14.83)4.71 (0.49 to 8.93)10.42 (6.85 to 13.99)4.85 (1.09 to 8.61)
Facility type
(Ref: Dispensary/clinic)
 Health centre16.33 (12.75 to 19.91)13.94 (10.22 to 17.65)12.03 (9.32 to 14.74)10.07 (7.08 to 13.06)11.27 (8.84 to 13.70)9.29 (6.71 to 11.87)
 Hospital40.58 (37.11 to 44.04)32.53 (27.17 to 37.89)22.35 (17.70 to 27.01)16.53 (10.90 to 22.16)19.14 (15.67 to 22.62)13.55 (9.47 to 17.62)
Managing authority
(Ref: Public)
 Private16.07 (11.13 to 21.01)10.11 (3.68 to 16.53)12.27 (8.54 to 15.99)10.35 (5.38 to 15.32)10.41 (6.87 to 13.95)7.25 (3.41 to 11.09)
Quality assurance
(Ref: Not performed)
 Performed13.46 (7.64 to 19.27)2.45 (−2.93 to 7.82)9.09 (4.26 to 13.93)3.13 (−1.68 to 7.94)8.13 (4.29 to 11.98)2.73 (−0.86 to 6.32)
Routine management meetings
(Ref: Not performed)
 Performed16.08 (11.19 to 20.95)10.45 (5.19 to 15.72)8.21 (3.66 to 12.76)4.44 (−0.27 to 9.14)8.28 (5.22 to 11.35)4.46 (1.16 to 7.76)
External source of funding
(Ref: Government)
 Other than government5.73 (0.78 to 10.68)2.55 (−2.40 to 7.50)4.29 (0.40 to 8.19)0.72 (−3.18 to 4.63)3.34 (−0.06 to 6.74)0.62 (−2.54 to 3.78)
 None6.47 (−2.13 to 15.07)−0.08 (−9.21 to 9.05)5.82 (1.04 to 10.60)−2.19 (−8.21 to 3.84)6.74 (1.46 to 12.03)0.18 (−5.36 to 5.71)
User fees
(Ref: Fixed for all services)
 Separate fee15.03 (10.41 to 19.65)3.85 (−0.83 to 8.52)7.48 (3.93 to 11.03)−0.94 (−4.82 to 2.94)7.18 (3.90 to 10.46)0.31 (−2.86 to 3.49)
External supervision
(Ref: Not received)
 Received10.56 (−1.73 to 22.82)−2.81 (−10.25 to 4.63)0.60 (−7.79 to 8.98)
Health insurance
(Ref: Not accepted)
 Accepted−1.59 (−5.97 to 2.79)−1.14 (−4.45 to 2.17)−0.07 (−3.01 to 2.87)
  • Bold values indicates the variable is statistically significant at P-value less than 0.05.

  • β, coefficient; CRD, chronic respiratory disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; HT&HF, hypertension and/or mild symptoms of heart failure; NCD, non-communicable disease; TSPA, Tanzania Service Provision Assessment.